Copyright Policy

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

Authors are entitled to retain copyright and grant Shanlax International Journals right of first publication as well as the ongoing and perpetual non-exclusive right to reuse and republish the article for any purpose, including, but not limited to, the right to copy, migrate or convert the article, to any medium or format to ensure continuous access and preservation.

The author accepts that the article may be used and published by the Shanlax International Journals in electronic or printed format and any other medium now in existence or that may be created hereafter.

The Shanlax International Journals publish and distribute the work under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs. The author understands and agrees that this license permits users of the journal to print and copy the article for noncommercial purposes and allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.

Authors are liable to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.

The author represents and warrants that the article is his or her original work and that it either has not been published or submitted for publication in any prior form, or that (1) it has been sufficiently revised and updated from a prior version or (2) the author has secured the rights to republish the work in Shanlax International Journals. The author further represents that he or she has the right to grant this license Shanlax International Journals and that, to the best of the author’s knowledge, the article is neither defamatory of any persons or products nor infringing upon any third party’s copyrights. If the article contains material for which the author does not hold the copyright, the author represents that such material is identified and acknowledged within the text and that such use is either with the permission of the copyright holder.

In case of any subsequent dispute over the copyrights to the material contained in the article, the author agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Shanlax International Journals and its employees and agents for any uses of the article authorized by this agreement.