An Analysis on Trend of Solar Street Lights in India
Department of Environmental Economics, School of Economics,
Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
The study observed the trend of solar Photovoltaic Street Lights in India and analyzed the Installation of off-grid Solar Street Lights in selected Southern states and union territories in India. The study exclusively is based on secondary data. The data were collected from previous studies, various journals, government reports, magazines and websites. The annual growth rate and percentage analysis were used to interpret the data. The study shows that year wise growth rate of solar street lights are fluctuating during the study period. It is revealed that 12.97 per cent are highest growth rate and -74.35 percent are lowest growth rate recorded in 2012-2013 and 2010-2011 respectively. Out of seven states the installation of off-grid solar street lights was 36.12 per cent in Tamil Nadu, 26.63 per cent in Andhra Pradesh, 20.63 per cent in Kerala, 8.72 per cent in Karnataka. Above the states, Tamil Nadu is the highest share in the installation of solar street lights in India during the study period of 2009-10 to 2014-15.The union territories of Andaman & Nicobar (3.46 per cent), Lakshadweep (2.89per cent), as followed by Pondicherry (1.56 per cent) is the very lowest installation of the solar street lighting system as compared to the southern states in India. The government should install a number of solar street lights to eliminate the social problems and reduces the environmental pollutions and greenhouse effect.
street light, conventional sources, solar power, Installation, off-grid solar street lights