Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Self-Efficacy Scale for Higher Secondary School Students of Odisha

Keywords: Self-efficacy scale, Translation of tool, Cultural adaptation, Validation of tool, Item Analysis


Self-efficacy is a potential measure to develop the capacities of higher secondary school students for producing desired results. Hence, the study of self-efficacy at this level is of utmost importance. In this present study, an attempt is made to culturally adapt the standardized self-efficacy scale of Sherer and Maddux (1982) for the higher secondary school students of Odisha. For this purpose, a sample of 135 higher secondary school students was taken randomly, and ten teachers were taken purposively. Both preliminary and final pilot study was conducted by collecting primary data. Both forward and backward translation was done in consultation with experts. The testing for ‘comparability of language,’ the ‘similarity of interpretation,’ and the ‘degree of understanding’ of the translated scale were measured and found higher scores in all these domains. The psychometric properties of the scale were estimated, i.e., Cronbach alpha reliability of the whole scale 0.85 and split-half reliability of 0.79, which revealed high internal consistency of the scale. The factor analysis was made by following principal component analysis of varimax rotation and Kiser normalization, which extracted four principal components, and the implications of the study were discussed.