The Phases of Flower in Sangam Tamil Literature

  • M Anbarasu Post Doctoral Fellow, Department of Agronomy (Farm), Agricultural College and Research Institute, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • D Udhaya Nandhini Post Doctoral Fellow, Centre of Excellence in Sustaining Soil Health, Anbil Dharmalingam Agricultural College and Research Institute, Trichy, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Phases of flower, Sangam literature, Flower, Flower fragrant, floral scent


A flower is the reproductive part of flowering plants. Within the flowering stage of flower had different phases like Arumbu / Bud, Mottu / Tender flower Bud, Mugai / Opening bud, Malar / Flower blossom, Alar / Full-blown flower blossom, Vee / Flower drying and Semmal / Faded flower in Sangam Tamil literature. The Sangam Tamil literature was accompanied of Tamil scholars and poets that, according to phases flower are indicated in Thirukkural, Narrinai, Purananuru, Kuruntokai, Silappatikaram, etc., This review is more useful to researchers for understanding the floral scent properties relation to phases of flower and associated with releasing dynamics for fragrant / scent out of flower.

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How to Cite
Anbarasu, M., & Udhaya Nandhini, D. (2020). The Phases of Flower in Sangam Tamil Literature. Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities, 8(1), 218-220.