Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities 2020-07-15T12:01:56+00:00 Shanlax International Journals Open Journal Systems <p>ISSN: 2321-788X</p> Perceiving Reality through Absurdity: a Prime Projection in Beckett’s Waiting for Godot and Ahmad’s the Thing 2020-07-15T12:01:55+00:00 Shahnaj Parvin Rahman M Mahbub <p>This paper offers an in-depth analysis of Beckett’s Waiting for Godot and Ahmad’s The Thing&nbsp;with the focus on the sense of craving to go on and to endure the existence, the ultimate reality&nbsp;of human life. Between these two extraordinary playwrights of Absurd Theatre, one is from the&nbsp;West, and the other is from the East. So, a meticulous survey on these two selected plays unfolds&nbsp;trajectories of convergence. This research will show that though the two plays are of two opposite&nbsp;continents, they are primly projecting the same theme of realizing reality through absurdity using&nbsp;the same structural techniques of absurd drama. The researchers find it remarkable that despite&nbsp;an outwardly hopeless fate, both the plays express the human spirit of continuing life through&nbsp;endurance and invite the audience to win the absurdity of life by enduring it. Such is reality, and,<br>in both the plays, this realization of accepting reality comes through absurdity. However, it is&nbsp;narrative research that follows the descriptive-cum analytical method, and the relevant textual&nbsp;references are given as evidence to support the argument of this study.</p> 2020-07-02T06:00:14+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Historical Development of Sultan Yussuf School (SYS), Batu Gajah in the State of Perak, Malaysia, 1907 – 1957 2020-07-15T12:01:53+00:00 Ganesan Shanmugavelu Khairi Ariffin <p>The aim of this research is to study the History of Sultan Yussuf School in Batu Gajah, Perak, and&nbsp;it’s the development from 1907 to 1957. Sultan Yussuf School was founded in 1907 by an Indian&nbsp;immigrant named K.Malaiperumal Pillai. Sultan Yussuf School was known as the Government&nbsp;English School, and it was the first English school founded in Batu Gajah, Perak. Sultan Yussuf&nbsp;School or better known as SYS, was attended by students from various races, particularly Malays,&nbsp;Chinese, and Indians. In 1956, Sultan Yussuf School was divided into two, that is for primary and&nbsp;secondary. Since it was the establishment in 1907, Sultan Yussuf School had progressed rapidly&nbsp;and achieved a lot of success in academic and also co-curricular activities. Besides that, Sultan&nbsp;Yussuf School also produced many leaders in the country. One of the former students of Sultan&nbsp;Yussuf School was His Majesty, Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah, the 34th Sultan of Perak, and was&nbsp;the 9th Yang Di Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia.</p> 2020-07-02T06:19:34+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Visualizing the Citation Analysis of Scholarly Communication of Ayurveda Research During 1923-2018: An Exploratory Study 2020-07-15T12:01:52+00:00 Manuelraj Peter Mohamed Idhris Spurgeon Anandraj <p>The study aims to present a Scientometric analysis of scientific output of the Ayurveda research&nbsp;indexed to Scopus Database, In last two decades the ayurvedic studies clearly show the improvement&nbsp;in scientific research and development throughout the world, and the most of the ayurvedic&nbsp;research outputs are written by Indian authors and collaborated widely throughout different&nbsp;countries researchers. It is clearly showing that Ayurvedic research is well developed in India and&nbsp;significantly improved over the last two decades. This study was conducted from the data indexed&nbsp;from 1923 to 2018 in the multidisciplinary SCOPUS database. The analysis included analyzing&nbsp;total publishing patterns in terms of total articles, productive countries, organizations, Journals,&nbsp;productive writers, most cited articles along with citation and h-index effects. During the study&nbsp;period, the SCOPUS database published 2038 papers. Such papers have been further reviewed&nbsp;to explain findings. The main purpose of the study is to explain India’s position in publishing top&nbsp;Ayurvedic research papers.</p> 2020-07-02T06:56:57+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Study of the Decorations in the Four Minarets of Sultan Hussein Mirza School in Herat 2020-07-15T12:01:50+00:00 Ghulam Hazrat Hassas <p>Sultan Hussein Mirza School is one of the great and magnificent buildings of the Timurid period&nbsp;of Herat, which is located in the north of the old city of Herat. The school was once a place for&nbsp;scientists and scholars in the region, and historians have written extensively about it. The buildings&nbsp;and paintings of this famous school are collapsing and demolishing day by day. The purpose of&nbsp;writing this article is to examine the decorations in the four minarets of Sultan Hussein Mirza&nbsp;School. This article is conducted by Library and Field Research method. The Library Research&nbsp;is related to the history and process of the school building and its post excavations. In the Field&nbsp;Research section, the author himself has visited the school area and the four remaining minarets&nbsp;of Sultan Hussein’s school and wrote the observations of each minaret separately. The results&nbsp;show that all four minarets in school are decorated. Its decorations include geometric patterns,&nbsp;Arabesque motifs, Kufic inscriptions and Muqarnas.</p> 2020-07-02T09:38:04+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Tulip in the Roman Curia: Proposing Novel Acronyms for Arminian and Lutheran Theology 2020-07-15T12:01:49+00:00 Sean Welsh <p>The paradoxical relationships between free will, salvific grace, and human depravity have perplexedman for thousands of years. In the early days of the Christian Church, Catholics affirmed the free will of man while emphasizing that God was not bound by time. This meant that, although man was for all intents and purposes a free moral agent, God’s foreknowledge of past, present and future allowed Him to know the “elect” before the foundation of the world. During the Protestant Reformation, new systems of theology were posited to explain the relationship between these concepts. The three most important of these theological systems are Calvinism, Lutheranism and Arminianism. In the Englishspeaking world, Calvinism has become the best-known and most easily-grasped Protestant theological system due to the ingenious mnemonic TULIP, i.e. total depravity, unconditional election, limited atonement, irresistible grace, and perseverance of the saints, to describe the five points of Calvinism. The purpose of this paper is to propose two new mnemonics to describe the theological systems of Lutheranism and Arminianism. These mnemonics are couched in the language of Calvinism for simplicity. For Lutheran theology, the acronym TAURUS is proposed. For Arminian theology, the acronym CURIA is proposed.</p> 2020-07-02T09:44:18+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Community Based Rural Drinking Water Supply System (Sustainability Challenge in Kannahipuram CBO Scheme) 2020-07-15T12:01:47+00:00 M Riswan P Ishaq <p>Rural Water Supply (RWS) system implemented and maintained by a community-Based&nbsp;Organization (CBO) adopting a participatory approach, which is considered a useful strategy&nbsp;to supply safe drinking water to the people, especially in rural segments of the country in a&nbsp;sustainable manner. This study was carried out based on Kannahipuram CBO managed RWS&nbsp;schemein Alayadivembu Divisional Secretariat Division (DSD). The study gathered primary data&nbsp;through field-based interviews with key stakeholders in CBO managed water supply system and&nbsp;field observations. Also, it collected secondary data from statistical reports from NWSDB, RWS,&nbsp;and CBOs, etc. The findings have been interpreted mainly based on the descriptive qualitative&nbsp;method. This study examines the extent to which the community participation influences community&nbsp;ownership of rural water projects and its sustainability in the Kannahipura scheme. This paper also&nbsp;sets out to analyze the impacts of the participatory approach in the rural water supply system using&nbsp;qualitative and quantitative information that compiled project data with field surveys. The study&nbsp;found that the participatory approach was effectively exercised in Kannahipuram CBO managed&nbsp;water supply scheme to ensure a sustainable system at the village level. However, it was observed&nbsp;that the quality of water is not in a drinkable condition for drinking purposes, and the water source&nbsp;has been contaminated, particularly in the Shallow-well due to climate change, increased demand,&nbsp;and seasonal drought in the region. Hence, this study suggests improving the water quality by using&nbsp;advanced treatment processes to provide safe drinking water at a drinkable level through CBO&nbsp;operation and community participation successfully and effectively.</p> 2020-07-02T10:04:36+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Inequalities in Farm Sector Labour Force in India 2020-07-15T12:01:46+00:00 Sonali Chakraborty <p>The back bone of the rural economy in India is the farm sector or agricultural sector. It also&nbsp;contributes an overall economic and social development towards the nation. Farm activities&nbsp;include agriculture (crop production), plantation, animal husbandry (milk, meat, egg, etc.),&nbsp;forestry &amp; logging, and fishing. In India, the lion share of the labor force is engaged in the farm&nbsp;sector(Pal and Dutta.<br>Though the female labor force participation is typically low in our country, their share in agriculture&nbsp;is commendable and not decreasing as it has been noticed in all other sectors in the recent past.&nbsp;But whether this participation in true sense is in gain full economic activities is to be looked into.&nbsp;Wage discrimination, stereotyping of works, working hours are some inequalities that females are&nbsp;facing at the workplace. In this analysis, an attempt has been made to see the inequality in malefemale&nbsp;participation in farm sectors. Their wage differentials in rural-urban sectors, in different&nbsp;states, have been computed following NIC(National Industry Classification) and NCO(National&nbsp;Classification of occupation) using unit-level data of NSS(National Sample Survey,68th round&nbsp;2011-12 and Periodiclabour force survey, 2017-18). From preliminary observations, it is noted&nbsp;that there is an increase of rural females as market-oriented crops producers or animal producers&nbsp;and related workers from 2011-12 to 2017-18. The NIC gives the industry-specific picture, where&nbsp;they mainly engaged in mixed farming, plant propagation, post-harvest activities along with&nbsp;perennial and non-perennial crop production. Reduction in a rural male in all these industries is&nbsp;noted as an opposite criterion. In both the rural and urban sectors, gender inequalities persist in&nbsp;wages in almost all NIC activities. Some exceptions like raising of cattle, supporting activities for&nbsp;crop production, fresh water aquaculture, growing of bush fruits and nuts where average earnings&nbsp;of females are a little bit higher than male workers working as either casual labor or regular waged&nbsp;salaried person.</p> 2020-07-02T10:22:47+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Understanding Revised NAAC Grading Pattern 2020-07-15T12:01:44+00:00 Swapnil S Alhat <p>National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC), an autonomous institution of University&nbsp;Grant Commission (UGC), it has been merely 26 years since the inception of NAAC, whose&nbsp;Accreditation to Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in India is mandatory likewise only a NAAC&nbsp;Accredited higher learning institutions are eligible for UGC and other various grants. Moreover,&nbsp;NAAC accreditation determines the quality of the institute in terms of education, infrastructure,&nbsp;research, teaching &amp; learning, etc.NAAC Accreditation helps a learning institution to know its&nbsp;strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities through the various review process, likewise in initiating&nbsp;modern pedagogical methods and in receiving grants from the Government’s various bodies.&nbsp;Importantly, it helps students to know details of the educational institution in terms of infrastructure,&nbsp;quality of education, research output, etc. Therein, NAAC Accreditation is indispensable to HEIs in&nbsp;India, and this paper, the prime focus of research has been to unravel the revised NAAC Grading&nbsp;Pattern because, in the end, a ‘Grade’ determines the quality of an institution.</p> 2020-07-02T10:31:02+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Covid-19 and its Impact on Human Life: An Empirical Study 2020-07-15T12:01:43+00:00 Sai Charan Konanki K Dasaratharamaiah <p>Amid COVID-19 or Coronavirus outbreak, India has been hit by many major outbreaks since the&nbsp;earliest days, as SARS outbreak, swine flu outbreak, HIV/AIDS, Dengue and Chicken Gunya etc.&nbsp;But none of the outbreak was as widespread and as fatal as COVID-19. In this article, we have to&nbsp;discuss about the major outbreaks in the World in general and in India in particular which have been&nbsp;occurred and caused for the severe death tolls over a period of time. By introducing the history of&nbsp;various epidemic and pandemic diseases, then we have to focus mainly on the impact of COVID-19&nbsp;on the human life among the selected respondents through a well-designed questionnaire. The data&nbsp;has been collected through online. The online questionnaire has been circulated to around 500&nbsp;persons of various occupations and received from 287 persons. The data has been tabulated and&nbsp;analysed in the following pages. The main purpose of the study is, how the people responded for&nbsp;Prime Minister of India, Sri Narendra Modi on lock-down as well as maintaining social distance,&nbsp;using Masks along with the socio-economic factors influenced by COVID-19 during the lock-down&nbsp;period. The data has been collected during the third phase lock-down period in India.</p> 2020-07-02T10:40:48+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Impact of WTO on Food Security System of India 2020-07-15T12:01:42+00:00 Aparna Pandey Poonam Singh <p>The Indian agricultural sector has experienced major transformation after the formation of WTO,&nbsp;which came into existence in 1995 with several new rules for international trade. The paper is&nbsp;concerned with the impact of WTO in the Indian context with a purpose to study how much food&nbsp;security has been provided after the formation of WTO? The paper also examines the stand of&nbsp;Indian WTO policies on agriculture and food security and judge India’s position on WTO policy&nbsp;on agriculture and food security.</p> 2020-07-02T10:48:35+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Socio- Economic Impact of Covid-19 or Corona Pandemic in India 2020-07-15T12:01:40+00:00 Swapnil P. Dhatrak <p>Globalization has increased there health risk by pandemics like COVID-19 diseases or corona&nbsp;diseases. The successful growth of any country is largely dependent on citizens’ health. A healthy&nbsp;population contributes to productivity, saving, and progress. In 1950 India made remarkable&nbsp;efforts to improve public health. With India increasing population and industrialization increasing&nbsp;environmental problems and there is increasing communicability. No communicable diseases that&nbsp;not only effect the lives of people but also the working capacity of various sectors of economy&nbsp;such current burden is COVID-19 diseases. Due to this corona virus, firstly, its effect in china&nbsp;and china’s economic slowdown. And hence due to communicable diseases, firstly Maharashtra&nbsp;government stuck down their companies, railways, social gathering, and hence its direct effect on&nbsp;the economy and share market collapsed due to this virus. According to CII Indian economy falls&nbsp;below 5%in FY2021 if policy action is not taken urgently. Corona virus ha saw worrisome spreads&nbsp;in India recently. This paper explains the economic impact of COVID-19 disease and challenges in&nbsp;India’s faces and some suggestions to overcome this pandemic.</p> 2020-07-02T10:53:36+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Essentials of Organizational Leadership for Quality Enhancement in Educational Institutions 2020-07-15T12:01:39+00:00 Sushant Kumar Nayak <p>Striving excellence in all spheres and managing with a proper strategic plan is the articulated&nbsp;vision of a true leader. Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th President of United States, quoted, ‘Leadership&nbsp;is the art of getting someone else to do something you want to be done because he wants to do it.’&nbsp;The supervision, foresight, executives, managerial skill, communication, and positive approach&nbsp;of the organizational leader multiplies the quality and ensures the development of an educational&nbsp;institute. The work culture, behavior, commitment, dedication, and honesty of the leader reflect&nbsp;in the whole system. In educational institutions, effective leadership is a key factor in switching&nbsp;the prospects more towards the building of healthy organizations in terms of human resource&nbsp;development and growth. The democratic value and professional ethics must be upheld by the&nbsp;leader to maintain the internal environment of the organization and the achievement of quality&nbsp;objectives. With the help of secondary resources and literature, this paper seeks to highlight the&nbsp;role of organizational leader and importance of Organizational leadership for quality up-gradation&nbsp;of human resources in the context of educational institutions.</p> 2020-07-02T11:00:18+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Academic Activity of Students and Smartphone: A Study with Reference to College Students of Udupi Area of Karnataka 2020-07-15T12:01:37+00:00 Ms Deekshitha Ms Manjula Gaonkar Gopalakrishna M <p>Nowadays, smart phones have become a part of every person’s life. People around the world have&nbsp;adopted this new and exciting technology as one of the most important required facilities in their&nbsp;everyday life. A variety of smart phones applications, available to be used in a wider range of&nbsp;usage situations. It is no doubt a smart phone is a new gadget that can change people’s lives&nbsp;while focusing on the usage of mobile phone applications and its impact on teaching and learning&nbsp;within a unique population. The purpose of this study is to investigate the smart phones use for&nbsp;academic purposes by students studying in graduate and post graduate classes and its outcome.&nbsp;The study is based on primary as well as secondary data sources. The primary data are collected&nbsp;by conducting field surveys in colleges in Udupi taluk of Karnataka. To collect the data wellstructured&nbsp;questionnaire was circulated among the student of the colleges. Totally more than 150&nbsp;students are included in the sample size. Analysis is made by using some statical tools. The findings&nbsp;of the study are, students have used smart phones extensively as a means of knowledge sharing tool,&nbsp;teaching, learning etc. But study found, despite the benefits of smart phone use, students have been&nbsp;negatively affected by smart phone like over use of smart phone to time pass, spreading rumors&nbsp;etc. However,the study concluded that use of smart phones to college students is really a blessings&nbsp;rather than curse.</p> 2020-07-02T11:11:57+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Study on Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Ocimum Sanctum L (Tulsi) Leaf Extract & their Antimicrobial Activity: A Green Chemistry Approach 2020-07-15T12:01:36+00:00 Swati Goyal <p>Nanoparticles (NPs) are being widely used in different fields; therefore, there is growing interest in&nbsp;the development of a biological and environmental safety method for their production. Now a day’s&nbsp;chemical and physical methods are being used for the development of nanoparticle that is costly,&nbsp;time-consuming, and harmful for the environment. Plant-mediated synthesis of nanoparticles is a&nbsp;“Green chemistry” approach that connects different types of plants with nanotechnology. It has&nbsp;gained much more attention as a reliable, sustainable, and eco-friendly method for synthesizing a&nbsp;wide range of materials/nanomaterials. Plants are called nature’s “chemical factories” therefore,&nbsp;plants and plant extracts are the best options to produce different types of nanoparticles. In this&nbsp;present study, silver nanoparticles were synthesized by using leaf extract of Ocimum sanctum and&nbsp;aqueous silver nitrate solution through a simple and eco-friendly method. Then the developed&nbsp;silver nanoparticles were characterized by using different types of techniques such as Scanning&nbsp;electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-Vis spectrophotometer,&nbsp;and Fourier transforms infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy. Their antimicrobial activity was screened&nbsp;against microbial culture, and it was found that the synthesized silver nanoparticles have potential&nbsp;applications in antibacterial activity.</p> 2020-07-02T11:17:49+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Creating Financial Statements For Start-Ups 2020-07-15T12:01:35+00:00 Tanneru Anusha Nedunuri Sushma M B Sai Rohit A Akhil <p>This paper represents the sample of entrepreneurs who are in the process of starting a business. At&nbsp;investigates the determinants of financial projections and statements in start-ups. The predictions&nbsp;information in economics is consistent. There is a positive association frequency of financial&nbsp;statement preparation concerning the use of outside funding, level competition, and venture&nbsp;scale. There are alternative influences and suggestions that benefit in reducing competition and&nbsp;uncertainty in fundamental variations to prepare financial statements. For instance, cash statements&nbsp;are more important for start-ups, and frequency varies among different financial statements with&nbsp;products in earlier stages of development and with greater competition. In contrast to this financial&nbsp;statements projections and regular forecasts of sales by start-ups are positively associated with the&nbsp;importance of intangible investments such as parents, research, and development. The start-ups in&nbsp;high –tech industries are used for projections.&nbsp;</p> 2020-07-02T11:26:58+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dalit Autobiography: A Study of Dalit Women’s Autobiographies 2020-07-15T12:01:34+00:00 G D Suresh <p>Autobiography is widely admired in the world as a literary genre. Its importance as a means of&nbsp;self-creation, self-examination, and self-regeneration has been identified by critics and creative&nbsp;authors. Autobiography is a Western tradition where people enjoy celebrating them self and are&nbsp;eager to prove their achievements. Indians have adopted this tradition of writing an autobiography&nbsp;from the West. Autobiography can be classified into two categories, life stories that inspire and&nbsp;prove one’s achievements. Secondly, the life stories which not only describes the saga of the&nbsp;individual but also the society as a whole depicts sorrows, subjugation, sufferings, and socioeconomic&nbsp;conditions. Dalit autobiographies belong to the second category. They have portrayed&nbsp;the socio-economic, cultural, and political conditions of Dalit Community under the control and&nbsp;influence of Upper Caste Hindu society. Contemporary Indian Society was divided under the wrong&nbsp;notions of ‘Purity and Pollution’. Dalits were treated as untouchables and polluters to the High&nbsp;Caste Hindus because they were born in the low caste. They were intentionally kept ignorant and&nbsp;denied to take education and asked to live out of town in separate colonies by high caste Hindus&nbsp;to safeguard their control over Dalits. Autobiography came handy to them to demonstrate their&nbsp;age-old suffering, exploitation, and maltreatment. Writers like Shankarrao Kharat, Daya Pawar,&nbsp;Bandu Tupe, P. E. Sonkamble, Shrankumar Limbale, Laxman Mane, Laxman Gaikwad, and Kishor&nbsp;Kale came forward. They penned their experiences in the form of autobiographies. Like male&nbsp;autobiographies, female autobiographers like Baby Kamble, Shantabai Kamble, Urmila Pawar,&nbsp;Kumud Parade, Janabai Girhe, Bama, demonstrated their life stories and experiences of trivial&nbsp;exploitation based on caste, class, and gender.</p> 2020-07-02T11:31:38+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Population Backfire: Hindsight to Malthusian Catastrophe 2020-07-15T12:01:56+00:00 R Ramya C C Babu P Akshay <p>The basic tenet of Economics lies in the scarcity principle and unlimited nature of human wants, but&nbsp;allocating a definite amount of resources to satisfy the growing per capita needs in an economy is&nbsp;a difficult task. Things become more complicated when the population pressure generates backfire.&nbsp;The global population has increased to 7.8 billion, and it is essential to ensure sufficient food&nbsp;supply for the growing human population as well as for other species without destroying ecological&nbsp;balance is a serious matter to consider. An evaluation of Malthusian population theories has great&nbsp;importance in this context. This paper intends to analyze the Malthusian theory of population and&nbsp;what happens if population backfire happens and also looks into the intensity of positive checks&nbsp;on population along with the Malthusian trap and its effect on the present as well as the future&nbsp;generation.</p> 2020-07-02T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Right to Information and Whistle Blower: A Journey from Theory to Practice 2020-07-15T12:01:32+00:00 Aditi Nidhi Nideesh Kumar TV <p>History is witness to the fact that there have always been informers who reveal inside information&nbsp;to others. Ancient Greeks talked about whistleblowing centuries before. Lykourgos, the Athenian&nbsp;orator, in his speech against Leokratis said: neither laws nor judges can bring any results unless&nbsp;someone denounces the wrongdoers. Even in Ancient India, the concept of a Whistle blower&nbsp;was in existence, Kautilya proposed- “Any informant (súchaka) who supplies information about&nbsp;embezzlement just under perpetration shall, if he succeeds in proving it, get as reward one-sixth of&nbsp;the amount in question; if he happens to be a government servant (bhritaka), he shall get for the&nbsp;same act one-twelfth of the amount.<br>Whistle blowers play an important role in fighting corruption, in protecting the public and the&nbsp;environment from harm, and in providing accountability for the violation of legal norms. When&nbsp;an individual blows the whistle on alleged wrongdoing, he/she may suffer severe financial&nbsp;consequences. The law recognizes the social good that can come from whistleblowing by providing&nbsp;some protection for them and encouraging such conduct in a variety of ways.<br>Even so, whistle blowers continue to occupy a fundamentally ambivalent position in society. Some&nbsp;whistle blowers are celebrated for their courage and self-sacrifice in protecting society from&nbsp;harm. But at the same time, many whistle blowers experience financial and social retaliation. This&nbsp;ambivalence is reflected in the law of whistleblowing: both its limited scope and how it operates.&nbsp;The law offers whistle blowers some legal protection, but government officials who are responsible&nbsp;for administering those laws often find ways to narrow that protection. Thus, even the most robust&nbsp;legal protection cannot protect whistle blowers from the social consequences of their action.<br>While whistle blowers can play a critical role in protecting the public, they often pay an enormous&nbsp;personal price. The article will seek to aid an understanding of how different policy purposes,&nbsp;approaches, and legal options can be combined in the design of better legislation. It provides a&nbsp;guide to key elements of the new legislation, as an example of legislative development taking place&nbsp;over a long period, informed by different trends.</p> 2020-07-02T11:48:27+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Research contribution of University of Kerala in the field of Tamil: A Study 2020-07-15T12:01:31+00:00 L S Suguna <p>A research university is an academic institution that is committed to research as a central part of&nbsp;its mission. The beginning of research activities in the University of Kerala dates back to 1937.&nbsp;This paper aims to investigate research in the field of Tamil from University of Kerala during the&nbsp;last decade.</p> 2020-07-02T11:54:11+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Multiauditing Based Cloud Storage Using a Dynamic Hash Table 2020-07-15T12:01:30+00:00 K Arun Kumar R Mohammed Harun Babu S Kalaivanan V Kanimozhi <p>Cloud depository is one of the customary supplications of the cloud computing system, which offers&nbsp;on-demand offloading services for both individuals and institutions. Although utilizes do not have&nbsp;full faith in the cloud service providers (CSPs) within that, it is hard to decide either the CSPs meet&nbsp;their licit expectations for data security or not. Thence, it is evaluative to come up with productive&nbsp;auditing techniques to boost owners’ trust and reliance in cloud storage. In this paper, we are&nbsp;presenting a scheme of auditing for assured cloud storage based on a 2-dimensional data structure&nbsp;called a dynamic hash table (DHT), used to record the data information for public auditing. This&nbsp;scheme emigrates the approved information from the CSP to the TPA and thereby a remarkable&nbsp;reduction in the computational cost and communication overhead. Also, the deduplication&nbsp;technology is utilized to lower the capacity and bandwidth prerequisites of the utilities by removing&nbsp;repetitious informati zon and stockpiles, only an original replica of them. We enhance our design&nbsp;encourages privacy preservation by homomorphism authenticator constructed on the public key,&nbsp;and attend batch auditing by aggregate BLS signature technique. Experimental results indicate that&nbsp;our mechanism achieves secure deduplication and tag generation improvements.</p> 2020-07-02T12:05:23+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Study on Customer Satisfaction towards Banking Services of IndusInd Bank in Vadalur Town 2020-07-15T12:01:29+00:00 T S Kumar V Vinothini <p>This study has been conducted with the purpose of assessing the quality of service of Indusind&nbsp;Bank in Vadalur Town. Consumer marketing companies face intense competition, and banks are&nbsp;no exception. For service firms in general and banks in particular, it is indeed essential to focus on&nbsp;the requirements of the customers and to effectively meet them.<br>Customer satisfaction, a term frequently used in marketing, is a measure of how products and&nbsp;services supplied by a company meet or surpass customer expectation. Customer satisfaction is&nbsp;characterized as’ the number of customers, or percentage of total customers, whose recorded&nbsp;experience with a business, its products or services (ratings) exceeds stated satisfaction objectives.&nbsp;The study aims to know the satisfaction level among the customers of the Indusind Bank. Service&nbsp;quality scale was used with five dimensions, reliability, empathy, namely physical aspect, assurance,&nbsp;and responsibility. This study also focuses on the banks’ different attributes and their impact on&nbsp;customer satisfaction. This study is limited only to the town of Vadalur. This is a descriptive study;&nbsp;the data were gathered from primary sources for this research. Two sets of questionnaires were&nbsp;prepared; one set was for the customers of the banks with service parameters, while the other was&nbsp;for the managers of the banks with key determinants. The analysis of the data collected was done&nbsp;through the use of a statistical package for social science (SPSS).<br>Percentage analysis, chi-square test, was the test used to analyze the data. The result so obtained&nbsp;from this analysis indicates that the banks indeed are providing good services to their customers&nbsp;wherein customers are also satisfied. There are a few more service parameters that the banks need&nbsp;to take care to hold on to their customers.</p> 2020-07-02T12:13:52+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of Dietary Habits on Body Mass Index of the Selected Population in Tamil Nadu 2020-07-15T12:01:28+00:00 V Bhavani N Prabhavathy Devi <p><strong>Background</strong>: Obesity remains to be a serious problem in all parts of the world and is not restricted&nbsp;to adults but also found in children, teenagers, and young adults. Consumption of snacks and junk&nbsp;foods high in fat and sugars constitutes a risk factor for obesity and cardiovascular diseases.<br><strong>Aim</strong>: To study the influence of the dietary habits on the Body Mass Index of the selected population&nbsp;Methods: About 1000 samples were selected using a stratified and simple random sampling&nbsp;technique. Height, weight, and BMI were measured for the subjects using appropriate methods.&nbsp;An interview schedule was used to collect the details. Food frequency questionnaire and three-day&nbsp;dietary recall was used to collect the food consumption pattern. The obtained details were coded&nbsp;and subjected to statistical analysis. The required data were correlated.<br><strong>Results</strong>: In the present study, BMI increases with an increased frequency of outside food&nbsp;consumption. BMI was higher among the vegetarian population compared to the mixed vegetarian&nbsp;diet and ova- vegetarian population. At the same time, underweight population (BMI less than&nbsp;18.4kcal/m2) was less in the mixed diet population. Calorie-dense foods, namely packet foods, fried&nbsp;foods, noodles, parota, and chocolates, were consumed more by overweight participants, and it is&nbsp;highly significant at a 1% level.<br><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Effective policies and programs are urgently required to reduce overweight and&nbsp;obesity. Consumption of wholegrains, vegetables, fruits, greens must be encouraged. The&nbsp;importance of antioxidants in the diet must be educated among the general public. Going back to&nbsp;traditional foods must be encouraged, such as ragi gruel, millets based food stuff, and fermented&nbsp;traditional recipes could be incorporated in the daily menu.</p> 2020-07-02T12:24:15+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Study on Recycling of Saw Dust and Pollution-Free Indian Railways 2020-07-15T12:01:26+00:00 P Rajkumar B Vijay Bhaskar <p>The Madurai Kamaraj University is situated in Madurai town, Tamil Nadu state, India is an urban&nbsp;area has geographical Location of Latitude 9.941418, Longitude 78.008896 and GPS Latitude&nbsp;coordinates - 9° 56’ 29. 1048 “N and Longitude 78° 0’ 32.0256 “E. The population in Madurai&nbsp;metropolitan town is around 14, 65,625 Lakhs (in 2011 census)-[Male-7, 33,821 Lakhs and female-7,&nbsp;31,804 Lakhs]. The study of air pollution in this paper consist of two parts- One part deals with&nbsp;(1): The survey of Improved air quality dedicated to nation by Indian Rail Transport (98.5%), in&nbsp;outdoor air pollution control, which is done by a conversion process of electrification implemented&nbsp;in all rail tracks in India - and other part deals with (2): Indoor air pollution generated in a saw&nbsp;mill may be handled by best solid waste recycling process of – compost method for agricultural&nbsp;usage. This study of saw dust recycling is come under the Indoor air quality engineering .The&nbsp;Indoor air pollution is very important because the outdoor air pollution is lower than Indoor air&nbsp;pollution. Also, the outdoor air is a source of supply of air to indoor environment in a house/&nbsp;Industry. In general, the saw mill generates more amount of saw dust per year. The solid waste of&nbsp;saw dust is disposed by open firing method, creates air pollution in local atmosphere and creates&nbsp;lot of health problems to working people inside and surrounding living people nearby saw mill in&nbsp;an urban area. The saw dust mixed with (cow + goat dung) is completely converted into natural&nbsp;fertilizer for agriculture. This study also focus on The Indian railway introduces electrification in&nbsp;rail track (except Rameshwaram) in several routes and ensure air pollution free zone that is zero&nbsp;percentage carbon emission zone.</p> 2020-07-02T12:29:56+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Architecture of Kalyana Pasupatheswarar Temple, Karur 2020-07-15T12:01:25+00:00 P Suresh Kumar <p>Karur Kalyanapasupatheswarar temple is one of the most remarkable temples of the Chola period.&nbsp;The temple stands majestically on the western bank of the river Caveri, the gigantic structure&nbsp;drawing the attention of the visitors. The Kalyanapasupatheswarar temple, Karur, has been&nbsp;attempted in the succeeding pages. There is nothing special in such legends, which are associated&nbsp;with many religious centers of the country. But in the present context, what is noteworthy is the fact&nbsp;that such legends seem to have gained currency in a much early period, say that of the Cholas, for&nbsp;some sculptures depicting these stories are found carved on the gopuras, walls, and pillars which&nbsp;had come into existence by then. The sculptors were making use of such stories for the depiction of&nbsp;sculptural art. But later, these stories were collected, and with additions and distortions, they came&nbsp;to be associated with the place.</p> 2020-07-02T12:38:41+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Investigating the Factors Influence Adoption of Internet Banking in Chennai: Adopters Perspective 2020-07-15T12:01:24+00:00 J Anand S Radha <p>The remarkable boom in the usage of the internet has made all banking institutions to make use of&nbsp;the internet for serving their customers retain and benefits, banks delivering all financial services&nbsp;through an online platform through Internet Banking. The track to embrace new technology to&nbsp;gain an advantage in the market gives the bank a new shape called the online Bank. The increased&nbsp;internet usage has made banks influence over the internet to gain a competitive advantage in the&nbsp;sector. This paper focus on the factors that influence the adoption of internet banking by customer”.&nbsp;In this study, descriptive research is used. The study is conducted to obtain data on the adoption&nbsp;of internet banking in Chennai. The study is conducted in the Chennai region. A sample size of&nbsp;100 was selected using convenience sampling. The study reveals that perceived usefulness and&nbsp;perceived ease of use are the key factors to influence customer adoption of Internet Banking.</p> 2020-07-02T12:45:04+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Ethnobotanical Medicines Used by the Kani and Kurichiyar Tribal Communities of Kerala 2020-07-15T12:01:22+00:00 T Purushothaman K Irfana Mol <p>The nature endowed with hidden resources of biodiversity comprises of various flora and fauna.&nbsp;The indigenous knowledge about the ethnobotanicals is vital for the conservation of traditional&nbsp;medicine as well as for future research. The documentation of indigenous medicine through&nbsp;botanical studies is also one of the aspects of the conservation and utilization of biodiversity.&nbsp;Kerala has many diverse ethnic tribal communities, and they are still following the traditional&nbsp;system of healing with the help of various biological resources. Each tribal communities have&nbsp;different lifestyles, and they are distributed in the various parts of Kerala. The tribals possess a&nbsp;traditional knowledge of uses of medicinal plants and employ different plants for curing diseases&nbsp;and infections. But, this valuable information is not documented properly. The tribal communities,&nbsp;along with their knowledge, have been diminishing due to the vanishing of forests as well as rapid&nbsp;modernization. But, the proper documentation and utilization of indigenous knowledge of tribes&nbsp;about the diverse medicinal plants will be useful for the development of novel drugs. Hence, we&nbsp;have attempted for the documentation of valuable tribal knowledge on medicinal plants, which&nbsp;would potentially serve as a useful reference for future researches. This article provides the list of&nbsp;plants used by the selected primitive tribal group of Kerala such as Kani, and Kurichiyar to treat&nbsp;various diseases.</p> 2020-07-02T12:51:30+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Archaeological Excavations in Tamil Nadu with Special Reference to Keezhadi - A Review 2020-07-15T12:01:21+00:00 T Ramaswamy <p>Excavations – part of Archaeological studies – youngest discipline – Accidental findings – Antiques&nbsp;– Survey – Artifacts- Explorations – Mortimer Wheeler – Sir John Marshall – Bishop Caldwell&nbsp;– Excavations – Adichanallur- Arikamedu – Kaveripumpatnam - Kodumanal - Sangam Age –&nbsp;Literature – Roman Coins and potteries –contact with Rome</p> 2020-07-02T12:56:47+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Precaution Science of Traditional Folk Worship to Pandemic Disease 2020-07-15T12:01:20+00:00 M Anbarasu A Gurusamy D Udhaya Nandhini <p>India is primarily in the village culture. The majority of the population lives in a village. There&nbsp;have unique deities for every village. Most of the traditional folk worship directly or indirectly&nbsp;related to human health, especially for precaution measures of pandemic disease. During the&nbsp;ritual ceremonies, use lots of medicinal plants like Karakam, Kappu, and Thoranamto prevent&nbsp;the disease. Many village ritual protocols have represented the self-discipline, self-cleaning, and&nbsp;protect the society, particularly epidemics disease, in the name God worship. Like the corona virus&nbsp;is a pandemic disease to keep in this view also useful to prevent based our cultural knowledge for&nbsp;further generations. The ancients were taught by the rituals of science in an age of illiteracy, so we&nbsp;have to realize the science behind the rituals of tradition, we must move on to the next generation.</p> 2020-07-02T13:01:52+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Value Added Products from Yam (Dioscorea spp.) 2020-07-15T12:01:18+00:00 S M Prasad V Vijayashree P Janaki Raman Cissie Theeblyn David P Mageswari <p>Yams are believed to be originated in Asia and Africa. They are packed with a bunch of nutrients&nbsp;like Vitamin C, Potassium, Manganese, Copper, and Phytochemicals. The present study was aimed&nbsp;to provide good nutritional products using tuber vegetable Yam. Attempts were made to prepare&nbsp;yam payasam (YPP) and yam vadai (YVP) and subjected to different pre-treatment, and value added&nbsp;products were standardized. 5 point hedonic scales were used for sensory evaluation. From&nbsp;the result, the present study shows the product YPP shows good quality, sensory, and consumer&nbsp;acceptability.</p> 2020-07-02T13:11:52+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Coronavirus: A Scientometric Study with Special Reference to Web of Science 2020-07-15T12:01:17+00:00 L Radha <p>Scientometrics study is one of the most efficient methods of quantitative evaluation of the scientific&nbsp;publication. Coronaviruses are one of the common viruses affect the human and animals some&nbsp;time. There is 7 type of corona already in existence, but the recent Coronavirus called novel&nbsp;corona (Covid19) which spreads among human rapidly. This study is to know the recent research&nbsp;publication of Coronavirus from the web of science, especially after December 2019, where the&nbsp;real spreads started and impact the world economy due to lock down. The data for this study is&nbsp;retrieved from the web of science for the year of 2018, 2019, and 2020 (till March). This study is an&nbsp;attempt to know the publication pattern, year-wise growth of publications, country-wise research&nbsp;output, and top-cited paper. Also, this paper is focusing on the research output of China and&nbsp;Wuhan University in the publications and the Wuhan University’s participation in this research&nbsp;publication during the period.</p> 2020-07-02T13:17:30+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Phases of Flower in Sangam Tamil Literature 2020-07-15T12:01:14+00:00 M Anbarasu D Udhaya Nandhini <p>A flower is the reproductive part of flowering plants. Within the flowering stage of flower had&nbsp;different phases like Arumbu / Bud, Mottu / Tender flower Bud, Mugai / Opening bud, Malar /&nbsp;Flower blossom, Alar / Full-blown flower blossom, Vee / Flower drying and Semmal / Faded flower&nbsp;in Sangam Tamil literature. The Sangam Tamil literature was accompanied of Tamil scholars&nbsp;and poets that, according to phases flower are indicated in Thirukkural, Narrinai, Purananuru,&nbsp;Kuruntokai, Silappatikaram, etc., This review is more useful to researchers for understanding the&nbsp;floral scent properties relation to phases of flower and associated with releasing dynamics for&nbsp;fragrant / scent out of flower.</p> 2020-07-02T13:38:08+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Influence of Flipped Classroom in enhancing Achievement in Chemistry of the students of XI Standard 2020-07-15T12:01:16+00:00 C Manoharan S Birundha <p>Technology is the systematic application of scientific knowledge about teaching and learning and&nbsp;conditions of learning to improve the efficiency of teaching and training. The flipped classroom&nbsp;as “a teaching method that delivers lecture content to students at home through electronic means&nbsp;and uses class time for practical application activities may be useful for information literacy&nbsp;instruction.” That means that there is much more use of technology for the Flipped Learning&nbsp;Studies on flipped classrooms were based on Bloom’s revised taxonomy of the cognitive domain,&nbsp;which provides six levels of learning. The study was conducted on 180 students of xi standard for&nbsp;enhancing achievement in organic chemistry. The findings indicated that there were significant&nbsp;gains in the mean scores of the experimental group</p> 2020-07-02T13:33:30+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Conflicts against Rajaji and his Ministry 2020-07-15T12:01:13+00:00 S Jeyakumar <p>The political condition of Tamil Nadu, starting from 1946 to 1948, was unfavorable to the political&nbsp;hegemony of Rajaji, who confronted with multiple challenges and conflicts from the non-Brahmin&nbsp;leaders, particularly from the undisputed leader, Kamaraj and finally adjusted and co-operated&nbsp;with the congress party in all its endeavor. He had outwitted the prospects of Rajaji though he was&nbsp;a cunning, diplomatic, and elite of high order in the state. His power politics in the state ended in&nbsp;a fiasco. Being a Brahmin by descending, he was unable to command respect and gain solidarity&nbsp;from the general public. However, at the national level, he was respected, and his lofty ideals were&nbsp;heard and utilized by the national leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru,&nbsp;Sardar Vallabai Patel, Gulab Nabi Azad, etc.</p> 2020-07-02T13:42:16+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Air Pollution – A Problematic Issue 2020-07-15T12:01:12+00:00 P Jafari Shalkouhi <p>Air pollution is considered as a universal issue with consequences varying from the deaths of&nbsp;people and plants to declining crop yields and damaged buildings. “Poems that clean the air we&nbsp;breathe could help tackle pollution.” This paper presents a new poem about air pollution. This&nbsp;paper also indicates that most of the poems in the area of air pollution are embodied in magazines/&nbsp;websites rather than academic journals. Hence, the present author hopes to find more poems in&nbsp;academic journals in the future about air pollution and related sciences.</p> 2020-07-02T13:46:22+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Pharmaceutical Market Structure in India & Competition Concerns 2020-07-15T12:01:10+00:00 M Chitra Nandan Kumar <p>Health Status of any country depends upon its preventive, curative, and promotive measures. But to&nbsp;implement these measures with available skilled human resources, and infrastructure, the growth&nbsp;of the pharmaceutical market is an essential one. Health Status is a function of health professionals,&nbsp;health infrastructure, invention, and innovations in the health sector, and the nature of government&nbsp;programs and policies. The Government of India exposed ‘Pharma Vision 2020’ aimed at making&nbsp;India a global leader in end-to-end drug production. Permission time for new facilities has been&nbsp;reduced to boost investments. Further, the government introduced devices such as the Drug&nbsp;Price Control Order and the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority to deal with the issue of&nbsp;affordability and availability of medicines ( India’s cost of making is significantly&nbsp;lower than that of the US and almost half of that of Europe. It gives a competing edge to India over&nbsp;others. (Sectoral Report / Sep 2016). The competition in these markets is very crucial for making&nbsp;quality drugs at affordable prices to consumers. Competition law plays an essential role in dealing&nbsp;with anti-competitive issues in the sector and maintains competitive markets. Hence the researcher&nbsp;attempted to view the status of existing Indian pharmaceutical market structure, government&nbsp;regulations, an,d common anti-competitive concerns in the sector. Too much regulation reduces&nbsp;competition in the market. An equal act of management and maintaining competition is required&nbsp;to benefit human society in reducing theirs out of pocket expenditure for pharmaceutical products.</p> 2020-07-02T13:51:02+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Ghana Go Digital Agenda: The impact of Zipline Drone Technology on Digital Emergency Health Delivery in Ghana 2020-07-15T12:01:08+00:00 John Demuyakor <p>Ghana has deployed high-speed technology and digital initiatives for the daily management of all the sectors of the country under the theme ‘’Ghana Go Digital Agenda’’ policy initiative. These digital governance initiatives include the electronic or digital-health care systems, e-justice system paperless clearing of goods at port-banking, and other online services. Paramount among the many digital initiatives is the introduction of drones for emergency digital health delivery. Access to medical supplies in Ghana has been hindered by the difficulty of getting the supplies from the central points to other areas that are remotely located to enable the patients who need the services to get them. To overcome this challenge and deliver affordable and accessible health care services to the Ghanaian populace, the Government of Ghana engaged a US-based company Zipline Technology to use Drones in the supply of medical supplies for emergencies and hard-to-reach areas of the country. Since the introduction of this initiative in 2019, it has attracted mix-reactions from various stakeholders on the relevance of the drone technology project on health delivery in Ghana. This study used the Diffusion of Innovation (DOI) and Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as a theoretical framework to assess drone technology’s impact on Ghana’s emergency health delivery system. The study utilized an online survey questionnaire to solicit data from participants. From the hundred (100) health facilities, located within the operational zone of the drone, twenty (20) were purposively sampled. Out of 550 questionnaires distributed, a total of 533 health workers (participants) validly responded to the online questionnaire. One key finding of our study indicates that the introduction of drone technology for medical supplies in Ghana has significantly impacted positively on the emergency health delivery system in Ghana.</p> 2020-07-02T13:55:40+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##