Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities <p>P-ISSN: 2321-788X | E-ISSN: 2582-0397</p> Shanlax Journals en-US Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities 2321-788X Combating Communalism through Correct Narratives <p>Communalism is an ideology which negates the concept of pluralism and assumes that not only the&nbsp;interests of a religious community are common, but these are necessarily opposed to the interests&nbsp;of other religious communities. In India, communalism has spread mainly due to false historical&nbsp;narratives. The British historians, with an aim to create Hindu-Muslim dissension, divided the&nbsp;Indian history into Hindu, Muslim and British periods. It was projected that Hindus and Muslims&nbsp;had been two homogenous blocks who have always been antagonistic to each other and the subject&nbsp;of history is mainly a narration of the confrontation of Hindus and Muslims. It was also propagated&nbsp;that the religion of Islam spread mainly by sword and there was vast desecration of temples by&nbsp;Muslim rulers. But this communal version of history is not supported by historical research. All&nbsp;religions preach love and compassion and no religion teaches hatred for any class of persons.&nbsp;Responsible citizens of all religions need to become vocal and give an ideological challenge&nbsp;to communalism. Religious fanaticism needs to be strongly condemned and the common moral&nbsp;values of religions be emphasized. Highlighting the correct historical narratives and emphasizing&nbsp;the composite Indian culture will be helpful in engendering an environment of harmony and&nbsp;brotherhood. If the forces of Peace and Harmony become vocal, communalism will itself take a&nbsp;back seat.</p> Shahbaz Ahmad ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 1 7 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.5102 A Study of Contemporary (Modern) Painting in Herat. Case Study (Faculty of Fine Arts, Herat University) <p>Painting in Herat in the last two decades has achieved new achievements and approaches to the past&nbsp;traditions. These achievements were mostly in terms of form, color and technique, first influenced&nbsp;by modern Western painting, but then painters and students presented works with a combination of&nbsp;Eastern and Western painting based on the culture and traditional patterns of our society.<br>The purpose of this study was to examine the contemporary (modern) painting within the&nbsp;framework of Herat College of Fine Arts, which can be important for students, artists and art&nbsp;lovers. In this research, two methods of library method and field method have been used. Authentic&nbsp;books and articles have been used in background. In field method, the data collection was based&nbsp;on observations and interviews with several professors of the Faculty of Fine Arts and pioneers of&nbsp;contemporary painting in Herat, which the result is summarized as follows.&nbsp;<br>Contemporary painting was introduced to the audience academically for the first time by presenting&nbsp;the works of two painters from the Faculty of Fine Arts of Herat in an exhibition entitled Gardoun.&nbsp;By observing the pictures and interviews that were conducted, in the early days of its formation,&nbsp;contemporary painting was influenced by the Cubism style, but in recent years, contemporary&nbsp;painters have presented works with a new look and a combination of Eastern and Western art&nbsp;based on culture and civilization and indigenous environmental patterns of our country, which&nbsp;some unique methods can be seen in the works of a number of masters.<br>Contemporary painting in the Faculty of Fine Arts of Herat began academically in 2009 and went&nbsp;through good stages and in the last decade found its place among students, but unfortunately by the&nbsp;change of government, some restrictions arose on the art of painting and establishing exhibitions&nbsp;which caused the lack of motivation of artists and students to art, and this process caused a number&nbsp;of artists and students to go abroad. What will be the future of art and the artist is a question that&nbsp;will be answered in the future.</p> Abdul Qadir Sarwari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 8 15 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.5082 Sustainable Agriculture in India - Natural Farming Spreads Roots in Andhra Pradesh <p>Indian agriculture sector is the most vulnerable due to climate change challenges like uncertain rainfall and water stress and coupled with week economic status of the farmers. The Indian agriculture sector facing three different challenges, such that high cost of production, low production and productivity and degradation of natural resources with affected agroecological system. Now it evident that serious concerns raised about the future problems related to country with the present approach. Natural farming can produce nutritious food without harming the environment or the health of the soil. The Andhra Pradesh state was specifically chosen for the study since it has more than 750000 farmers that practice natural farming there. The secondary data have been used which is drown from the RySS and Indiastat and also related reposts, and the study referred various previous studies and research articles from the existing literature. The study investigates the spatial distribution analysis by using ArcGIS. And the study analyzed the yield and net returns of the natural and non-natural farming in the study area. Natural farmers will gain more from lower cultivation costs, higher crop yields, higher earnings, better, healthier, more nutrient-rich food, environmental preservation, and reduced soil erosion. In addition, ecological farming requires less capital, which lowers debt loads.</p> Chetti Praveen Kumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 16 21 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.5159 Tyāgarāja – Pancharatnam <p>Like the precious stones Ruby, Diamond, Sapphire, Emerāld, , Amethyst, this Pancharatna Kritis of&nbsp;Tyāgarāja are excellent in Rāgabhāva , Sahityabhāva, and Devotion. They feciliate Mass Singing.&nbsp;These Panchratna’s are constructed in 5 Gana Ragas which are in praise of Lord Rama with&nbsp;divine Music and Literary excellence. Tyāgarāja stands foremost with this marvelous contribution.&nbsp;His Life is an epitome of the excellence of nobility and virtue and these Pancharatna’s conveys all&nbsp;fully .These Pancharatna’s are the most wonderful representative of Tyāgarāja’s contribution as&nbsp;a composer. Rendering these Pancharatna’s in large numbers enhances atmospheric peace and&nbsp;Tranquility among people.</p> S Subbulakshmi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 22 27 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.5120 Isolation of Fatty Acid Constituents from Ulva Fasciata and its Anticancer Activity on HeLa Cells <p>Macroalgae are found as a great source of biologically active compounds important in&nbsp;pharmaceutical industry. In this study, 8 algal samples namely Ulvafasciata (Green algae),&nbsp;Padinagymnosphora, Sargassamwightii, and Turbinariaornate (brown algae), Gracilariacorticata,&nbsp;Halimedamacrolopa, Halymeniadilatata, and Gracilariacrassa (red algae) were collected and&nbsp;identified its fatty acid compositions. U. fasciatawhich showed high fatty acid constituents was&nbsp;further analysed for its anticancer activity against Hela cells by MTT assay and AO/EtBr staining.&nbsp;The results confirmed that U. fasciata could inhibit the Hela cells by cytotoxic activity and by&nbsp;inducing apoptosis and thus could be used as apontential source in treating cancers.</p> Ashwini Ramkumar Sridar Jayavel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 28 37 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.4999 Machine Learning Approach for Early Detection of Alzheimer’s Disease <p>Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is thought to be the most generally known cause of dementia, and it&nbsp;is estimated that only one in four people with Alzheimer’s are properly identified. While there&nbsp;is no definitive cure, the negative effects may be ignored while the weakening is mild. Treatment&nbsp;is most effective when it begins before major downstream injury occurs, i.e., at the stage of&nbsp;moderate cognitive impairment (MCI) or much earlier. Physical and neurological examinations&nbsp;and neuropsychological and cognitive testing are used to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease. There is a&nbsp;need for improved diagnostic tools, which is what this postulation addresses. Kaggle is an online&nbsp;open-access dataset for improving the Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis technique. The information&nbsp;acquired during the conference is documented. One goal of this theory’s research is to look&nbsp;at machine learning methodologies to create a classifier that can help screen new persons for&nbsp;different stages of Alzheimer’s disease. In comparison to previous work methods, our methodology&nbsp;is suitable for breaking down diverse classes in a single setting and needs less distinct training&nbsp;samples and inconsequential prior knowledge. In our tests, we saw a significant improvement in&nbsp;categorizing all diagnostic categories. Initially, the model is trained on 64 evaluated examples&nbsp;from the Kaggle database. We next test our created model on the whole set of entries supplied by&nbsp;the Kaggle dataset to confirm our framework’s finding. Our results show 96.37% accuracy in AD&nbsp;detection and categorization.</p> G P Suja ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 38 43 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.5087 Prominence of the Home Garden: A Study of Bogawantalawa South Grama Niladhari Division, Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka <p>Home garden is an integral part of local food systems in developing countries. It has a longstanding&nbsp;practice among the Sri Lanka for centuries. The main objective of this study is to analyze&nbsp;environmental and socio economic importance of home gardens in Bogawantalawa South Grama&nbsp;Niladhari Division (GND), Nuwara Eliya. The data was obtained from the primary and secondary&nbsp;sources. The questionnaire survey was designed to collect primary data from thirty households&nbsp;according to simple random sampling techniques. Field observation was conducted to identify&nbsp;the core dimensions of environmental importance. Collected primary data have been analyzed&nbsp;through an Excel spreadsheet and summarized the quantitative data using descriptive and&nbsp;quantitative analysis methods. Qualitative methods of content analysis were also carried out. As&nbsp;key findings, environmental importance of the upcountry home garden of the study area have been&nbsp;addressed. Conserving biodiversity and conservation of diverse plants,preventing the environment&nbsp;from chemical, habitats for animals and other beneficial organisms and reduced soil erosion and&nbsp;maintenance of landraces. The important socio economic importance are generation of employment&nbsp;opportunities and income, food and nutrient security of families, created a relaxing environment,&nbsp;improving health and preserving indigenous knowledge. In addition to this, this study identifies&nbsp;the challenges of the home garden and gives some recommendations to keep the sustainability in&nbsp;home garden.</p> M Krishnasoban ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 44 50 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.5103 Entrepreneurial Competencies among Outgoing Post Graduate Students <p>Gone are the days when everyone aspired to work for the government. Recently, the pandemic&nbsp;scenario has wreaked havoc on society, causing significant job losses and opening the door to&nbsp;entrepreneurship. The majority of educational systems provide students with training in order&nbsp;for them to take advantage of this opportunity, as well as actively offering them with ideas for&nbsp;entrepreneurship abilities. The goal of the research is to see if the graduating students are prepared&nbsp;to enter the competitive world in the face of the epidemic. The study aims to know whether the&nbsp;outgoing students are capable of entering the competitive world in this pandemic situation. We&nbsp;have collected the data through a framed questionnaire among 100 students. They were assessed in&nbsp;ten core competencies along with the demographic factors among outgoing students from Madurai&nbsp;District.</p> J Akila Mary J.S Roselin Sathyavathi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 51 55 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.5112 A Review on Women Agri- Entrepreneurship: Roles and opportunities in Agriculture for Sustainable Growth in India <p>Agriculture sector provides vast scope for employment generation, sustainable growth, and women&nbsp;empowerment. Continuously growing Indian population requires adequate amount of nutrition for<br>feeding the youth population to work for countries growth. As per Indian scenario, farmers are&nbsp;giving their best to growing crops as per the need of hour for economic gains and life improvement&nbsp;through livelihood promotions. Indian women have also been playing role in this sector.&nbsp;Empowering Indian women farmers and agripreneurs can lead to increase the income generation&nbsp;and self-sufficiency. There are vast opportunities in agriculture like cultivation of crops with higher&nbsp;economic value,value addition and marketing of agricultural produce on global scale can be vital&nbsp;at this point of time. Indian Women have been actively engaged in all type of agricultural practices&nbsp;to earn economic gains for the family. Still in agriculture sector Indian women farmers condition&nbsp;and status is having labourers tag with themselves. They should be compensated appropriately&nbsp;for their efforts encouraging them to be renowned farm owners and leading agripreneurs in the&nbsp;country. Womenagripreneurs require handholding, technical support and skill development from&nbsp;Government through schemes, initiatives and training programmes. Women agripreneurs are&nbsp;the key to achieve sustainable growth. Although, Government has launched various schemes for&nbsp;upliftment of women agripreneurs but still there is a lot to achieve for enabling women groups&nbsp;from rural and tribal areas to earn economic gains from agriculture sector. This review study&nbsp;provides insights into the scope of agriculture entrepreneurship for upliftment of Indian women.&nbsp;Major roles, opportunities and challenges for Indian women to conquer in agriculture sector to&nbsp;achieve sustainable growth.</p> Sukhjinder Singh Akhil Rana Neha Sharma Manish Kumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 56 67 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.5117 A Portrait of Two Carnages: A Comparative Study between Jallianwala Bagh and Croke Park Massacres <p>This brief article attempts to make a comparative study between the two infamous massacres&nbsp;orchestrated by the British Empire: the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre of 1919, and the Croke Park&nbsp;Massacre of 1920. By discussing the issues of the identities of the perpetrators and the victims, and&nbsp;also how the martyrs of these massacres are remembered in the present times, this article aims to&nbsp;draw a historical axis connecting the predicaments of Indian and Irish independence movements&nbsp;against colonial despotism. It also highlights the representations of these two incidents in the&nbsp;domain of popular culture, by focusing mainly on the arena of films. The article, which does not&nbsp;initate a critical historical discussion about the causes and effects of the two massacres, aims to&nbsp;investigate the aftershocks of two genocides driven by imperial despotism, rather than delving into&nbsp;a historical study of the Jallianwala Bagh and Croke Park incidents.</p> Rebanta Gupta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 68 71 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.5233 Does Internet Become Life Worst? Study the Consequences of Stress, Anxiety, Depression, and Self-Esteem in Government Primary School Teachers of District, Fatehabad (Haryana) <p>The Internet is a necessary part of our daily life;it offered everyone a range of innovative and&nbsp;possible options and experiences by opening up a whole new world to us. The internet is a major&nbsp;source of knowledge for a huge number of people who use the internet to gain information all&nbsp;over the world. The main purpose of the present study is to explore the relationship between&nbsp;internet addiction and stress, anxiety, depression and self-esteem among Government Primary&nbsp;School Teacher in District, Fatehabad of Haryana. To achieve the purpose, a total sample of 100&nbsp;participants (75 Males &amp; 25 females government primary school Teacher) in the age range from&nbsp;30-45 years from the state of Haryana, India. In the study, the Internet Addiction Test (Young,&nbsp;1998), DASS-21 (Lovibond &amp; Lovibond, 1995) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale(Rosenberg, M.&nbsp;1965) were administered on the participants. The data were collected by online Google form&amp;&nbsp;some filling questionnaire due to pandemic Covid-19. The data were computed with the help of&nbsp;the SPSS (25.0), including mean, SD and Pearson’s product moment correlation. The outcomes&nbsp;revealed that Stress, anxiety, and depression have been reported to have a positive significant&nbsp;relationship with internet addiction and significantly correlated with low self-esteem in a negative&nbsp;manner.</p> Rachna Rani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 72 77 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.5241 Perception Level of GST (Goods and Services Taxes): A Pilot based Survey <p>Examining the degree to which GST is perceived is the study’s major goal. 200 questionnaires were&nbsp;used to perform the main survey, and 153 participants answered them. Utilizing a virtual platform,&nbsp;data were gathered (Monkey survey and Google form). When the assumptions (Hypothesis) were&nbsp;put to the test, the majority of respondents (85.50%) accepted the lower-rate GST (&lt;10%). While&nbsp;several nations around the world have implemented the GST at a lower rate, Government of&nbsp;India has directly implemented at the highest rate (18 –28%), which has had a major long-term&nbsp;impact on the Indian economy (R2=0.93, P = 0.01). The majority of respondents (19.61%) were&nbsp;in favour of VAT, while only (3.27%) were in favour of GST. At the 1% level of significance, it&nbsp;was concluded that none of the assertions were related to either GST or VAT (Z= 4.49, P=0.001).&nbsp;Both manufacturers and consumers will be hamper if the price of the goods and services tax is&nbsp;continually raised.</p> DM Basavarajaiah H Arunkumar PM Keerthana GH Hemantha Kumar B Narasimhamurthy ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 10 2 78 84 10.34293/sijash.v10i2.5242