Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities <p>ISSN: 2321-788X</p> Shanlax International Journals en-US Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities 2321-788X Artistic Characters and Applied Materials of Buddhist Temples in Kabul and Tapa Sardar (Sardar Hill) Ghazni of Afghanistan <p>Kabul and Ghazni Buddhist Temple expresses Kushani Buddhist civilization in Afghanistan and&nbsp;also reflexes Buddhist religion’s thoughts at the era with acquisitive moves. The aim of this article&nbsp;is introducing artistic characters of Kabul Buddhist temples and Tapa Sardar Hill of Ghazni&nbsp;Buddhist Temple in which shows abroad effects of Buddhist religion in Afghanistan history and&nbsp;the importance of this issue is to determine characters of temple style with applied materials. The&nbsp;results of this research can present character of Buddhist Temples in Afghanistan, thoughts of&nbsp;establishment and artificial difference with applied materials.<br>Buddhist religion in Afghanistan penetrated and developed based on Mahayana religious thoughts.&nbsp;Artistic work of Kabul and Tapa Sardar Hill of Ghazni Buddhist Temples are different from the&nbsp;point of artistic style and material applied; Bagram Artistic works are made in style of Garico&nbsp;Buddhic and Garico Kushan but Tapa Narenj Hill artistic works are made based on Buddhist&nbsp;regulation and are seen as ethnical and Hellenistic style. There are similarities among Bagram&nbsp;and Tapa Sardar Hill of Ghani Buddhist Temples but most differentiates are set on statues in which&nbsp;Tapa Sardar Hill of Ghazni statue is lied in which is different from sit and stand still statues of&nbsp;Bagram. The writer suggests mend and remake of Kabul and Ghazni Buddhist works to maintain&nbsp;Buddhist artistic history in Afghanistan.</p> Mohammad Towfiq Rahmani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 1 10 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.815 Job Satisfaction among Educators According to their Socio-Economic Status in the Government Aided and Private B.Ed. Colleges in West Bengal <p>The purpose of the study is to examine the job satisfaction of Educators as well as to compare&nbsp;the various level of job satisfaction of Educators who are working in different Govt.-aided and&nbsp;Self-Financed B.Ed. Colleges in West Bengal. The teacher is the backbone of any nation. The&nbsp;progress and development of a nation largely depend on its teachers’ community because of their&nbsp;noble and massive contributions in nation-building. They have remarkable contributions in making&nbsp;and shaping every person of society. The investigators choose various factors to measure the&nbsp;Level of Job Satisfaction of Teacher Training Colleges on the basis of multi-dimensions that are&nbsp;Working Conditions, Salary Status, Understanding between Colleagues, Recognition by Others,&nbsp;Work Load, Availability of Power, job security, Gender, Marital Status, Educational Qualification,&nbsp;Locality, location of College, Age, experience, Family conditions, income status and professional&nbsp;development, Individual Status, Stream and Promotion Opportunities. The main objective of the&nbsp;present study that the researcher analyses the satisfactory job level of Educators from different&nbsp;teacher education institutions in West Bengal. The researcher randomly took 6 Colleges &amp;&nbsp;&nbsp;12 Private Colleges. The researcher has selected only 191 Educators, out of which 38 Educators&nbsp;have been taken from 6 Government Aided B.Ed. Colleges and rest 153 Educators have been taken from 12 Private B.Ed. Colleges as a sample for the present study. The methodology of the study is a&nbsp;mixed type involving interpretative, analytical study of documents, interview, survey questionnaire,&nbsp;observation and study secondary sources, like books, university news, expert opinion, articles,&nbsp;journals, thesis and websites etc. Finally, meaningful suggestions are offered.</p> Kaushik Das ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 11 16 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.663 Indigenous Wild Edible Plants of Bataw Village, East Jaintia Hills District, Meghalaya <p>The study was carried out as a kind of documentation of the used of wild edibles plants by the&nbsp;people in Bataw village, East Jaintia Hills. The results show that there are 35edible plants and&nbsp;belonging to 26 families being taken by the people of Bataw village as food. The mode of utilisation&nbsp;of wild edible plant includes 12 plant species used as vegetables, 11 species eaten as raw and&nbsp;12 species consume as raw and as well as vegetable. The vast overexploitation of these indigenous&nbsp;wild edible plants has led to the over decline of these species. Therefore steps should be taken to&nbsp;protect such resources and further inventories need to undertake to understand their nutritional&nbsp;benefits and their long term sustenance.</p> Gifty Merry Phawa Eric Kevin Dkhar Donboklang Marbaniang ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 17 23 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.578 A Study on Students Academic Achievement in Relation to Emotional Intelligence and Spiritual Intelligence of M.Ed Students <p>UNESCO has identified various tensions and crisis of modern society and suggested 4 pillars to&nbsp;be constructed for strengthening the education system. These pillars are: “Learning to Know,&nbsp;Learning to Do, Learning to live together and Learning to be.”The importance of education has&nbsp;been realized by everyone and by every nation. It is quite evident that the strength of the country&nbsp;depends on the strength of education, which in turn depends on the strength efficiency of teachers&nbsp;and the process of teaching. According to Tagore, “The widest road leading to the solution of all&nbsp;our problems is education.” Intelligence is one of the main characteristics that results in individual&nbsp;differences among peoples. This has been attended by humans from many years ago (Bakhtiarpor,&nbsp;2009). Although study about intelligence has focused on its cognitive aspects such as memory, problem-solving, emotional, social, and spiritual ability have been attended by authors. The&nbsp;role of intelligence tests in predicting academic performance that the effective psychosocial and&nbsp;mental sources has an important role in predicting academic achievement especially in the higher&nbsp;academic levels (Furnham, Chamorro, and Premuzic, 2004).</p> S Rajeswari S K Panneer Selvam ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 24 38 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.611 Impact of Contract Farming on Economic Status of the Farmers Practicing Contract Farming <p>This article focused on the economic impact of contract farming on respondents who are involved&nbsp;in contract farming. The various economic indicators of impact on contract framers are discussed.&nbsp;The study was conducted in two districts of Karnataka state viz., Bangalore Rural and Tumakuru.&nbsp;Two taluks each from each district, Tumakuru and&nbsp;Gubbi taluks from Tumakuru district&nbsp;and&nbsp;Nelamangala&nbsp;and&nbsp;Doddaballapura taluks from&nbsp;Bangalore Rural&nbsp;district&nbsp;were&nbsp;selected.&nbsp;Total&nbsp;three crops&nbsp;were selected based on simple random sampling techniques; the sample size was Gherkin 35, Tomato 35,&nbsp;Watermelon 10 and non-contract farmers 20 from each taluks of two districts.</p> N Harish ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 39 46 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.652 A Study of Emotional Maturity, and Teaching Competency among Prospective Teachers <p>The present study seeks to measure a study of emotional maturity and teaching competency&nbsp;among prospective teachers. The Emotional Maturity Scale (EMS) developed and standardized by&nbsp;Dr. Yashvir Singh and Dr. Mahesh Bhargava revalidated by the investigator in 2019 and Teaching&nbsp;Competency Scale (TCS) constructed and standardized and validated by the investigator in 2019&nbsp;for prospective teachers. The investigator has been used to collect the data from the sample of&nbsp;650 prospective teachers studying in Coimbatore, Nilgiris, and Tirupur district of Tamilnadu,&nbsp;India. The findings of the study revealed that there is no significant difference in the emotional&nbsp;maturity of prospective teachers about gender, there is no significant difference in the teaching competency of prospective teachers about gender, there is no significant difference between the&nbsp;mean scores in the emotional maturity with the type of college, and there is no significant difference between the mean scores in the teaching competency with the type of college levels.</p> R Srinivasan N Pugalenthi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 47 50 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.545 Women’s Welfare Programmes in Kerala: An Overview <p>This study is largely depends upon the empowerment of women in kerala. Women’s are the marginalized group in the society. Social justice and human rights are equal to all people of their sex, race, caste, class, religion and such social differentiation. This seminar contains “The women welfare programmes in kerala an overview”. Earlier women life was confined within for walls of her house as the domestic slave whose only duty was child bearing, rearing and looking after the family. But now a days things are change in the society, our government also think for the women’s protection or the welfare organization was provided. Such organization are Working Women Hostel, NGO’s programmes, Women’s Training centre etc. These programmes to promote voluntary efforts in the field of Women’s empowerment. Today’s women has become to have a better acceptability and respectability, better status of equality with men better rights and previlages, better opportunity in all spheres of national life- social, economic and political. In addition to the legislative measures, the governments at the centre and state administrations have also initiated welfare measures for the developments and welfare or women but much more needs to be done to achieve thedesire objective. This seminar paper tries to observe the role of government in the field of women empowerment and welfare programmes in kerala.</p> A Asharani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 51 54 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.634 Movements, Literature, Aesthetics – Reflections on Dalit Ideology <p>This article describes the movements, literature and aesthetics of Dalit ideology in general. The codification of different angles and posititions in Dalit perspectives done here indicates&nbsp; a brief history and development of Dalit thought. The relation between the aesthetics and activism is visible here. Writing itself becomes not only mere an experience but also shifts as a tool for social change. So it exceeds the so called consciousness of aesthetics. Also it is a shift in social, cultural and political thinking of mankind. It attacks the development therories of modern man and civilization. In general Dalit aesthetics deconstruct the binary thinking and rationality of modernity. Nature-Culture binary and its cultural boundaries became problematic here.</p> A Sindhu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 55 58 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.645 Is there a Contemporary Relevance of Deng’s Foreign Policy <p>Deng Xiaoping’s contribution to building of contemporary China is phenomenal. He was the “paramount leader” (Vogel, 2011) who through his experience accumulated a great depth of knowledge encompassing wide range of domestic and foreign policy issues.The study explains the changing dynamics of foreign policy under Xi Jinping. While several continues are evident yet there are profound shifts in Chinese foreign policy. They can be seen in terms of new power relations, creation of AIIB, OBOR to a more assertive and resolute foreign policy. Though a complete change is not visible, yet significant changes can be noticed.</p> Priya M V ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 59 64 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.577 Campus Interviews – Gateway to Future <p>Education paves way to sustain human life. Its chief focus is to teach the human values, develop Education paves way to sustain human life. Its chief focus is to teach the human values, developintellect, emotions, empathy, extricate opportunities to rise to the occasion and contribute to theoverall growth of the society. Ultimately this should provide an individual, an all-round developmentt o observe, understand and to be a part of the larger community. This education is obtained formally, non-formally and informally. Informal learning occursin a variety ofplaces, such as athome, work and through daily interactions and shared relationships among members of society.&nbsp;For many learners, this includes language acquisition, cultural medians and manners. Formal learningis commonly divided into different stages such as Pre-School, Elementary School, High School, Higher Secondary School and then College/University orApprenticeship through various industries.The School Education systemin India has 4 distinct levels such as Lower Primary (ages 6-10) Upper Primary (age 11 &amp; 12) High (13 – 15) and Higher Secondary (17 &amp;18). Then we have the Tertiary Education which is the threshold to employment. This Tertiary level includes 3 years of Under Graduation and 2 years of Post-Graduation and then Research Activities which are optional.</p> <p>All these lay foundation to one’s career for sustenance or “Survival of the Fittest” as told by theAll these lay foundation to one’s career for sustenance or “Survival of the Fittest” as told by the English Naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882) in his Origin of Species Theory. The college-level focused education in due course determines the career prospects of the young graduates.</p> <p>After 1990s there is a paradigmatic shift in the employment in India, that instead of the candidates running helter-skelter for employment, the employers knock at the door of Higher Institutions. Campus Interviews bridge the gap between the Employers and the prospective Employees. In ourcontext, the final year UG/PG students are the Prospective Employees who are eligible for Campus Interviews. Campus Interviews offer final year UG/PG students a great opportunity to get a suit-able job during the course of their academic pursuits and provide them a secure future before the&nbsp;completion of their course itself. This process includes the various stages such as: Pre-Placement Talk, Aptitude Test, Technical Test, Group Discussion, HR Interview and Personal Interviews.</p> <p>This paper purports the role of various Employing Agencies who consistently contact the colleges/Universities through Campus Interviews to select their prospective employees. Also it brings tolimelight the various top notch companies in Chennai which absorb the creamy layer among theeligible students.</p> V Usha L R S Kalanithi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 65 69 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.648 Impact of Stress on Food Intake: A Comparative Study among Boys and Girls <p>Background: Students from metropolitan cities were more prone to stress due to their lifestyle, curriculum, availability of gadgets and many other social factors. Earlier studies also proved that stress has an impact on food intake, either hyperphagia or hypophagia. Since students are the future pillars of nation, the present study has been carried out to know the impact of stress on the students of metropolitan city like Chennai.</p> <p>Aim: To study the impact of stress on food intake of the study</p> <p>Methods and To<strong>ols: </strong>1000 samples (500 males and 500 females) from Chennai colleges were selected using stratified and simple random technique. A pre tested interview schedule were used to collect the information. The obtained data were subjected to statistical analysis and results were discussed</p> <p>Results: Majority of the students (40.7) cope stress by watching TV. About 88% male and 12% female prefers to go out and eat. 47% and 29.9% subjects respectively consume more and less food during stress. About 37.5%, consumes more food at the sight of their favorite food. When reasons for the poor eating habits were analyzed, majority of the participants (57.6%) mentioned lack of time, 23.5% reported lack of money, and 18.9% mentioned taste.</p> <p>Conclusion: Stress impacts on consumption of caloric dense food rather than nutrient dense food. Students must be educated not to indulge in consuming energy dense food as method to cope up stress. Parents and college authorities must take responsibilities to help students to relieve from stress and make them indulge in healthy eating pattern rather than consuming junks foods to overcome stress.</p> V Bhavani N Prabhavathy Devi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 70 75 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.593 Contribution of Paulo Freire: An Enduring, Eclectic Educator <p>Education has gone through a sea change. In this ear of digital social learning, companionship in learning, teacher - learner and learner - teacher relationship has been redefined. Paulo Freire an eminent educator has propounded a radical revamping in pedagogy and outcome of learning. He has challenged everything traditional and domesticating. As a proponent of critical education, he has exemplified a system of learning for personal and social transformation. This article explores the possibility for transformation by learning with the learners, habits of mutuality, reciprocity, respect, value creation, revolutionizing their thoughts for personal development. He demanes for&nbsp;a life of curiosity, love and hope. His call to be witnesses of transformation through critical consciousness has to be listened and internationized if rooting out the social evils perpetuated by the cirtified graduates should be our priority and responsibility.</p> Jeyaseelan Pangiraj M Gabriel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 76 82 10.34293/sijash.v5i4.818 Literature Output on Wheat Research in India: A Scientometric Analysis <p>This study analyses the research output on Wheat research during the period of 2001-2016 and&nbsp;the analyses included research growth, rank, LCS, GCS. It also analysis that the characteristics of&nbsp;most productive institutions, authors and high-cited papers. This study was conducted using data&nbsp;from the Web of science database over the time period of 2001-2016.</p> S Sudhahar S Kishore Kumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 83 88 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.824 Solid Waste Management in Poombarai Village of Kodaikanal - Strategy for Sustainability <p>Environmental issues are the most pertaining problems in almost all the hilly regions of Tamilnadu&nbsp;and its surrounding. The environment is mostly polluted and getting destroyed due to several&nbsp;aspects. The Mother Nature is been getting destroyed by several factors because of the human&nbsp;activities and nature by itself. This dissertation aims at examining certain environmental issues&nbsp;that are prevailing in all most all the hilly regions of the state. Some of the basic issues are the&nbsp;water pollution, sanitation, improper drainage systems, wastage of rain water, deforestation, soil&nbsp;erosion etc. This dissertation further aims to explore the relationship between the economic growth&nbsp;and the pressure on nature from the environmental sustainability perspective. The area chosen&nbsp;for the present study is one of the leading economically developed tourist spot of Tamilnadu viz kodaikanal. The region is well served with almost all economic factors and well developed area.&nbsp;But, it undergoes lots of environmental issues and problems that brings the value of the spot in&nbsp;lower level. Solid waste management is one of the major issue identified in the particular study&nbsp;area. In depth study and analysis of the issue is discussed in brief. The purpose of the study is&nbsp;to bring the better environment relating to several human aspects. The questionnaire has been&nbsp;developed in order to gather information regarding the current issues and demographic study on&nbsp;the particular village. The surrounding villages of Kodai has importance in each and every aspect,&nbsp;but the growth is less due to some environmental impacts that does not connects to the city easily.&nbsp;The second part tells about the major issues and people needs for better improvement.</p> J Gowtham Narayanan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 89 94 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.697 24 Tirtha’s of Ramanatha Swamy Temple, Rameswaram <p>We know Ramayana and Ramesawaram, the memorable temple located at the tip of Indian Point in Tamil Nadu. It is the most important visit in the Hindu Religion and through the year tourist multitude the place to take a bath in the famous “Tirthams” of Rameswaram. Ramanathaswamy Temple is a Hindu temple enthusiastic to the god Shiva located on Rameswaram island in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Rameswaram Temple Tirthas are the holy wells situated inside the Rameswaram Temple in Tamilnadu, India. There are sixty-four Tīrthas (holy water bodies) in and around the island of Rameswaram. According to Skanda Purana, 24 Tirthas in Rameswaram are important and taking snan (bathing) in them are considered equivalent to penance. Twenty-TwoThirth as are inside Ramanatha Swami Temple.</p> G Ramamoorthy J Albaris ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 95 97 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.816 Efficient Web Page Mining for Dynamic Web Site <p>A huge portion of the organizations have the sites for their business. A huge portion of the clients of the association register their subtleties as client profiles. These client profiles have the individual subtleties and their fascinating propensities for the client. At the point when the client visits our sites the log record is made in the server. By partner the client profiles and web log record we can discover the much of the time visited clients. From the frequently visited client, we can discover when they are visited by grouping the client profiles with web log records. In our work we disclose how to get "who" the clients were, "what" they took a gander at, and "how their interests changed with time, "when" they visit which are all significant inquiries in Customer Relationship Management (CRM). In our examination we present bunching the client profiles. We additionally depict how they found client profiles can be advanced with unequivocal data.</p> B K Mathan Nagan T Mahalakshmi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 98 102 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.822 Drug Demand Reduction Programme in India: Recommendations for the Future <p>India is a welfare-based nation; therefore, it has an embedded responsibility to protect the marginalized communities. However, drug dependency has always been a hidden phenomenon. Focusing on the Indian scenario, this research critically analyses the implementation of the demand reduction programme, i.e. the National Scheme of Assistance for Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse which emerged from Section 71 of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act. Although the NDPS Act is prohibitionist in its approach and has criminalized the use of drugs, it has inculcated Section 71 of NDPS Act that stated the government can establish sufficient de-addiction centres for treatment and rehabilitation of drug dependents. In order to gain a broad understanding of the implementation the study covered a national perspective by including Chennai, Mumbai, New Delhi and Mizoram representing Southern, Western, Northern and North East regions of the country respectively. The treatment and rehabilitation services were analyzed categorically and thematically by posing specific standards such as availability, accessibility, quality and Protection of Human Rights.</p> <p>It was learnt that at the regional and community level, no autonomous body was set up for implementation of treatment and rehabilitation, treatment was envisaged through correctional angle, huge gaps in extension of financial support to existing de-addiction centres, weak preventive measures, ineffective training of staff, restricted admission for high risk drug dependents, diverse cases of human rights violation, mismanagement of withdrawal symptoms and prevalence of minimal harm reduction measures. However, on the positive side, the best practices are also being recorded with ongoing study such as positive impact of meditation, yoga therapy, life coaching based on emotional intelligence among other indigenous practices. The focus of this article is to provide a knowledge framework to enhance the quality of policy formulation and disseminate recommendations of the study with the hope that policy makers and practitioners and other concerned stakeholders are better informed of the situation so as to make a positive change in the lives of the users and the society at large.</p> Sandra Joseph ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 103 113 10.34293/sijash.v7i2.825 Report on the Three Day Teacher Intervention Programme Conducted by Prof.Sunny Tharapan, Director, CLHRD from 28th September through 30th September 2018 K Thirumamagal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-01 2019-10-01 7 2 114 115