Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities <p>ISSN: 2321-788X</p> en-US (Shanlax International Journals) Wed, 01 Jan 2020 14:13:12 +0000 OJS 60 Research Ethics: Deontological Perspectives <p>The training of Further Education teachers has been debated since the incorporation of Further&nbsp;Education colleges in the UK in 1992 but, to date, moves by governments and their agencies to&nbsp;professionalise the FE teaching sector have been unsuccessful. The continuation of a homogenous&nbsp;initial teacher training programme within the FE sector has resulted in this sector failing to&nbsp;respond to the changing needs of society and the complex needs of the new FE teacher. This&nbsp;study explored the FE teacher training programme within one college in the UK. The research&nbsp;questions focussed on four elements: the concept of professionalism in FE teaching, the FE teacher&nbsp;as an agent of change, the changing professional identity of the participants and the ways new FE&nbsp;teachers managed multiple professional identities.</p> <p>Using a case study approach, twenty-two new FE teachers undertaking the initial teacher training&nbsp;programme participated in the research as they took on their new professional role as FE teachers.&nbsp;The project used mixed methods of data collection including self-completion questionnaires, focus&nbsp;groups, observations and semi-structured interviews.</p> <p>Thematic content analysis identified that the FE teachers experienced changing and multiple&nbsp;professional identities, from vocational experts to qualified educators, whilst retaining elements of&nbsp;their previous professional identities. Through this process of change, new FE teachers acted as&nbsp;change agents and helped FE students realise their own aspirations.</p> <p>This research demonstrates that Further Education teaching can be categorised into three&nbsp;distinct areas based on the subjects taught: the vocational teacher, the professional teacher, and&nbsp;the academic teacher. Teachers&nbsp; from each area require a different focus in their initial teacher&nbsp;training. The study identifies the need for different approaches to Further Education initial teacher&nbsp;training for the three areas and offers opportunities to develop distinct teaching qualifications and&nbsp;career pathways whilst capturing the generic sociological aspects of FE teaching.</p> Michael Hall ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 11:57:28 +0000 The Financial Performance of Selected IT Companies in India; A Panel Data Approach <p>Despite the global economy growing up, the Indian Information technology industry is maintaining&nbsp;a steady pace of growth. Financial analysis is an aspect of the overall business finance function that&nbsp;involves examining historical data to gain information about the current and future financial health&nbsp;of a company. IT has the great possibility of becoming an engine of accelerated economic growth,&nbsp;efficiency, improvement for all sectors of the economy, developing India’s position in the export&nbsp;market, improving trade insufficiency, and means of efficient governance. It enhances the way into&nbsp;information, protects consumers, provides access to government services, makes skill creation and&nbsp;training more effective, improves the liberation of health services, and promotes simplicity. The&nbsp;inter-firm financial performance differential has been utilized to identify the factors that are critical&nbsp;in determining their financial performance. In this study, only the cross-sectional data of three countries over 10 years is collected. The cross-sectional samples are relatively small. Therefore,&nbsp;it is appropriate to use the LSDV Model. However, the pooled regression model will also consider&nbsp;for comparison. It is also convenient to Model the pooled regression Model, LSDV Model and&nbsp;uses R-squared, adjusted R-squared and pool ability Test to decide statistically on appropriate&nbsp;Model to be used The paper is structured as follows: it presents the scope of the study, a brief&nbsp;review of the literature dealing, followed by a description of the objectives, data, and methodology.&nbsp;Subsequently, it discusses the empirical results by two regression model and finally, offers the&nbsp;conclusion.</p> Surat Singh, Tegjit Kaur Sachdeva ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 12:05:23 +0000 Physico-Chemical Analysis of SriChamSugar’s Mill Effluent Water of Bharathi Nagara (Karnataka) <p>Sugar industries have an essential place in Indian economic development. However, the waste water&nbsp;generated from these industries poses a significant threat to the environment as well as irrigated&nbsp;land. If untreated effluents are used in irrigation, they might contaminate food crops and, if they are&nbsp;released into water bodies, they might also be dangerous to the survival of the aquatic ecosystem.&nbsp;The Physico-chemical characteristics of the content in the effluents from Sri Cham Sugars Private&nbsp;Limited, Bharathi nagara Sugar mill have been explored. Physico-chemical characteristics&nbsp;included color, odor, temperature, pH, BOD, COD, TDS, TS, DO, Chloride, Sulphate, Nitrate,&nbsp;Calcium, Magnesium, Sodium, Potassium, oil and grease, Electrical conductivity of the effluent&nbsp;collected from the different sites at discharge point in different months have been determined.</p> P Nagendra, S Madan Kumar, B S Ravi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act on Rural Households: A Case Study in Davanagere District of Karnataka <p>The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has been playing&nbsp;an important role in employment generation and poverty alleviation in rural India. It was “an Act&nbsp;to provide for the enhancement of livelihood security of the households in rural areas of the country&nbsp;by providing at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year&nbsp;to every household whose adult members’ volunteer to do unskilled manual work and for matters&nbsp;connected or incidental thereto”. In this paper, an effort has been made to evaluate the changes in&nbsp;terms of employment level, income level, expenditure pattern, savings pattern, and living standard&nbsp;of the sample beneficiaries in the study area between pre- MGNREGP and post- MGNREGP period;&nbsp;and to offer policy measures to improve the performance of the MGNREG program in generating&nbsp;rural livelihood. The present study is mainly based on primary data collected directly from the&nbsp;selected sample beneficiaries of MGNREGP through personal interviews. Simple statistical tools&nbsp;like averages, ratios, percentages have been employed for the analysis. The main findings reveal&nbsp;that the proportion of employment generation, income generation, average expenditure, and&nbsp;savings, and assets creation were found to be quite significant in the post-MGNREGP period as&nbsp;compared to that of in pre-MGNREGP period in the study areas.</p> <p>Similarly, the MGNREGP has made a positive impact on the living standard of sample beneficiaries&nbsp;in the study areas. Based on the findings, the study suggested that the statutory 100 days of&nbsp;employment per adult member of the rural household should be guaranteed instead of 100 days per&nbsp;rural household. This would help to improve the income level of households who mainly depend&nbsp;on MGNREGP for their livelihood, and the performance of MGNREGP in backward (Jagalur)&nbsp;taluk is low. Therefore the officials should take for effective implementation of the program in the&nbsp;backward areas.</p> N Harish ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 12:20:56 +0000 Knowledge Discovery and Destination Market Intelligence Framework of the Maritime Trade Route Connecting Ancient Port Towns. - A Survey on Tamilnadu Cultural Route and Smart Heritage Tourism <p>The international trade network of the ancient Chera, Chola, Pandyan kingdoms with Rome in&nbsp;particular since Sangam age has been studied well by various researchers. However, a recent&nbsp;archaeological excavation study at Thandigudi, Pattanam and Keeladi have generated a lot more&nbsp;data and throws more light with new research dimension and direction, particularly concerning&nbsp;the trade routes. The supply chain business intelligence of the various merchant guilds operating&nbsp;in all three Chera, Chola, Pandya territories are reviewed to provide a framework for knowledge&nbsp;destination and cultural heritage trade routes from the emerging new evidence. The proposed&nbsp;logistics network design and destination market intelligence of the trade routes naturally evolved&nbsp;into three clusters of towns and places - the outcome of the research survey concludes with a newly&nbsp;developed smart heritage cultural route of Tamilnadu.</p> N Ayyanathan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Dispersion of Nitrogen Dioxide and Particulate Matter Concentrations in Street Canyons and Open Landscape in Urban Mysore <p>The variation in nitrogen dioxide (NO<sub>2</sub>), particulate matter (PM<sub>10</sub> and PM<sub>2.5</sub>) concentrations and meteorological data were analyzed at different types of urban spaces in Mysore consisting of four street canyons and one open landscape sites. The NO<sub>2</sub> and PM levels were measured using portable monitoring device and respirable dust sampler, respectively. The maximum NO<sub>2 </sub>concentration was found at the intersection of both street canyons and open landscape, either in the morning (70-160 µg/m<sup>3</sup>) or evening (20-60 µg/m<sup>3</sup>). Result found that concentration of NO<sub>2 </sub>in street canyons was significantly higher than in open landscape sites (<em>p</em> &lt; 0.001). The ambient NO<sub>2 </sub>levels were also found lower in the cross roads compared to such in the main roads. The high number of vehicles passing through the roads accounts for the higher NO<sub>2</sub> concentration as we found significant positive correlation between traffic volume and NO<sub>2, </sub>SPM, PM<sub>10</sub> and PM<sub>2.5</sub> concentrations, either in the street canyon and open landscape sites. Furthermore, a negative association has been observed between both SPM and NO<sub>2</sub> levels and the wind speed (<em>p </em>= 0.002 and <em>p </em>&lt; 0.05 respectively). The factors affecting the different dispersion characteristics of air pollutants were found to be the wind speed, vehicular traffic, and site landscape where congested with high number of tall buildings.</p> Prabhakaran Nataraj, Azis Kemal Fauzie, P N Sandhya Rani, G V Venkataramana ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 12:47:02 +0000 A Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Teaching Competency of Prospective Teachers <p>The present study seeks to measure the relationship between teaching competency and self-esteem&nbsp;of prospective teachers. The Self-Esteem Scale (SES) developed and standardized by Rosenberg,&nbsp;M revalidated by the investigator in 2019 and Teaching Competency Scale (TCS) constructed and&nbsp;standardized and validated by the investigator in 2019 for prospective teachers. The investigator has&nbsp;been used to collect the data from the sample of 650 prospective teachers studying in Coimbatore,&nbsp;Nilgiris, and Tirupur district of Tamilnadu, India. The findings of the study revealed that there is&nbsp;no significant difference in teaching competency of prospective teachers about gender, there is no&nbsp;significant difference in self-esteem of prospective teachers about gender, there is no significant&nbsp;difference between the mean scores in the teaching competency with the type of college and there&nbsp;is no significant difference between the mean scores in the self-esteem to the kind of college levels.</p> R Srinivasan, N Pugalenthi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 12:55:36 +0000 A Study on Prevention of Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace 2013 Act - Social Work Intervention through Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal with Special Cases Illustration <p>Sexual Harassment is a form of unwelcome sexual behaviors and taking sexual advances, requests&nbsp;for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature act that tends to create&nbsp;a hostile environment for women at the workplace. The author is an external committee member&nbsp;for various companies such as manufacturing industries, garment industries, software companies,&nbsp;and handled several sexual harassment incident inquiries. Based on these experiences and during&nbsp;the inquiries employees expressed their experiences such as uncomfortable touching, starring a&nbsp;women continuously, commenting or joking (Sexually colored remarks), sexually explicit pictures&nbsp;or posters, requests for sex, intrusive questions about persons private life or body, unnecessary&nbsp;familiarity, insults or taunts based on sex, sexually explicit physical contact, sexually explicit chats,&nbsp;mails, SMS, facebook, twitter any other social media. Apart from this, in this paper illustrated a&nbsp;case inquiry in detail through social work perspectives.</p> <p><strong>Objectives</strong></p> <ul> <li>Transmit the social workers to create a safe working environment for women employees through taking part in ICC external Committee member<strong><br></strong></li> <li>Impart the sequence of incident inquiry under the POSH ACT 2013 and how to impart awareness sessions and documentation under the act.</li> </ul> <p>Social workers can play the role of external member, drafting POSH Policy for the establishment or Social workers can play the role of external member, drafting POSH Policy for the establishment orcompany or any&nbsp; organized or unorganized organization, conducting orientation programs for ICCmembers, providing POSH act prevention, prohibition, and redressal issues. In addition to this,the Social worker plays a foremost role in prevention, prohibition through avoiding such instanceor circumstance occurrence in the organization. Moreover, they play a very crucial role duringthe incident that has already occurred in the redressal process. Since its inception of harassment,incident reporting, inquiry, and resettlement issues will be handled by the social worker of anNGO. In this regard, social worker intrusion is very important to handle the situations and give&nbsp;justification to the aggrieved women.</p> S Anitha ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 13:04:40 +0000 Factors Influencing the Development of Microbes in Food <p>In this review article, the different parameters, mostly intrinsic, extrinsic, implicit, and processing,&nbsp;that have an impact on the microbial growth in the food environment has been discussed in detail.&nbsp;Intrinsic factors (pH, moisture content, O/R potential, antimicrobial constituents, biological&nbsp;structures, and nutrient content) as well as extrinsic parameters (Relative humidity, storage&nbsp;temperature, gaseous environment and activities of other microbes in the environment) determines&nbsp;the range and population of microorganisms associated with the food at any given point throughout&nbsp;their production and post-harvest handling, thus influencing the rate and type of spoilage that&nbsp;eventually renders the food inedible.</p> S S Preetha, Rita Narayanan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 13:15:34 +0000 Convex Fuzzy Soft Metric Space <p>In this paper, we investigate the concept of fuzzy soft metric space in terms of fuzzy soft points. The convex structure of fuzzy soft metric spaces is defined and we introduce the&nbsp;convex fuzzy soft metric space. Also we established the fixed point theorem of convex&nbsp;fuzzy soft metric space.</p> M Vasuky, A Uma ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 13:24:47 +0000 Conflict between Inner Freedom and Socially Constructed of Female Destiny in Toni Morrison’s Chosen Novels <p>The concept of ‘self’ is closely related to the idea of identity. Self is just what makes us who we are.&nbsp;In the modern context, emergence of self refers to freeing it from hierarchy and dependence. The&nbsp;self becomes responsible for itself, for maintaining its own image, which happens through social&nbsp;interactions. According to the psychologist, William James, self is essentially a social structure&nbsp;and it arises in social experiences.&nbsp; ‘Selfhood’ is formed from experiences. It changes not only over&nbsp;a period, but also emerges as what we experience as the ‘self’ in a particular period. Human beings&nbsp;have the unique quality of reflecting upon and evaluating their thoughts, feelings and actions.&nbsp;By understanding oneself, one can hope to achieve greater happiness, satisfaction, fulfillment,&nbsp;liberation and also foster better relations with people around. Selfhood is important to us, both&nbsp;as individuals and as social creatures, as it shapes our personal existence and our relations with&nbsp;those whom we bond.</p> V R Vidya kumary, K Mohan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 13:30:06 +0000 A Survey on Various Online Payment and Billing Techniques <p>Over the past few decades, Internet technology has shaped almost everybody’s life. Business banks&nbsp;set up internet workstations and provide customer information requirements, internet payment&nbsp;fund diversion financial services, credit, investment, etc. An online payment system is a means for&nbsp;conducting economic transactions based on the Internet. This allows a seller to accept payments&nbsp;over the web or other internet connections, such as direct network connections between retail stores&nbsp;and their suppliers- a common way of keeping inventories just in time. Online payment systems are&nbsp;greatly expanding a company’s scope and selling potential. Usually, online payment services are&nbsp;operated by third-party firms like PayPal, Google, or Click2Pay. Such companies make a profit by&nbsp;taking a small portion of each transaction, or by signing contracts with institutions that require a&nbsp;large number of transactions. Without the ability to make online payments, a large Internet retailer,&nbsp;like, could not exist. Online payment systems have expanded the playing field between&nbsp;big and small companies, as each of them can adopt the same payment methods when they sign up with third-party payment processors.</p> A P Thangamuthu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Minerals and Industrial Development in India (1980-2012) <p>The mining industry acts as a catalyst for the growth of other core industries. This paper shows how&nbsp;India’s mineral production helps our Industrial development and by inference the overall economic&nbsp;development. To elucidate the importance of mineral production on industrial development,&nbsp;regression analysis was made. From the analysis, the researcher got the result of all mineral&nbsp;production explains about 99% variation in Industrial production.</p> B Parameswari ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 13:40:36 +0000 Assessment of Macro Nutrients and Micro Nutrients Intake of Collage Age Population: A Population Based Study <p><strong>Background:</strong> In present India, due to increased urbanization and various other factors, there is a drastic change in the dietary patterns of college students and young adults.&nbsp; Maintaining the right eating habits of college student means a lot for the prevention of many diseases that could occur in adult period. <strong>Aim: </strong>To evaluate the Macro and micro nutrients intake of the college population of Chennai <strong>Methods and Tools: </strong>Using Random sampling techniques, 1000 (500 male and 500 female) college students were selected and data regarding food frequency intake was evaluated. Nutrient intake is assessed by means of three-day dietary record. The food consumed for three consecutive days were recorded by the subjects. Food intake data were converted into raw amounts in terms of food groups and in turn were translated into energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, and fiber using food composition tables. The nutrient intakes of the subjects were computed against Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for ensuring the appropriateness of intake derived based on RDA.&nbsp; The data were tabulated and subjected to appropriate statistical analysis. <strong>Results</strong>: Consumption of Macro nutrient intake and micro nutrients were found to be more among male than female. Only vitamin C intake found to be more among female than male. It is clear that both male and female did not meet the requirements of RDA. Fat intake was more than the RDA for both male and female participants.<strong> Conclusion: </strong>Our study concludes that Macro and micro nutrient deficiency is prevalent among our study population, irrespective of the gender, whereas fat intake is more than the RDA which is leading cause for obesity and other non-communicable diseases. Thus it is essential to educate the students to consume nutrient densed food and reduce the intake of energy densed food.</p> V Bhavani, N Prabhavathy Devi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 13:47:44 +0000 Reflections about the Trip to Art Gallery K Thirumamagal ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000