Open Access Policy

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI is a public statement of principles relating to open access to the research literature, which was released to the public February 14, 2002) definition of open access.

Creative Commons licensing statement


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Shanlax International Journals will publish and distribute the work under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial. The author understands and agrees that this license permits users of the journal to print and/or copy the article for noncommercial purposes and allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.

Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

The author represents and warrants that the article is his or her original work and that it either has not been published or submitted for publication in any prior form, or that (1) it has been substantially revised and updated from a prior version or (2) the author has secured the rights to republish the work in Shanlax International Journals. The author further represents that he or she has the right to grant this license Shanlax International Journals and that, to the best of the author’s knowledge, the article is neither defamatory of any persons or products nor infringing upon any third party’s copyrights. If the article contains material for which the author does not hold the copyright, the author represents that such material is clearly identified and acknowledge within the text and that such use is either with the permission of the copyright holder.

In the event of any subsequent dispute over the copyrights to material contain in the article, the author agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Shanlax International Journals and its employees and agents for any uses of the article authorized by this agreement.