Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

The ethical behaviour of author, Chief-editor, members in the editorial board, peer-reviewer and also Publisher involved in the process publishing an article in this journal, is given in this statement. COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors is followed by this Journal.

Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

The Peer-review process is an extremely important part of the publication process; it will improve the quality of the published article. An effective review system must be followed by Shanlax International Journals. All parties like the author, editorial board members and publisher must ensure the implementation of ethical behaviour to publish an article.

Publication decisions

The members of the Shanlax International Journal Editorial Board decision is final for the article to be published. The selection process involves thorough validation of the work and its significance to researchers and readers will help to make decisions. According to the policies of the Journal, all our editorial board members are informed about legal requirements, copyright infringement and peer-review and plagiarism policies.

Fair play

Editor of the Journal will ensure there is no consideration about the author’s gender, religion, sex, origin, religion, political philosophy and citizenship to evaluates the manuscript.

Confidentiality

All publication related correspondence must be sent to Corresponding author email ID only. Information collected must be treated as secrete one and never be disclosed the details of the manuscript submitted to other persons expect our Journal reviewers, peer-reviewers, Journal advisors and Publisher.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

If the article is unpublished, our Journal editor or editorial board members are not allowed to use the material without getting proper acceptance from the author. And reviewers must ensure there are no conflicts of interest to accept the article against its selection procedure.
Prospering information or proposals obtained while conducting peer review must be kept confidential, and that data be not used for personal usage. Reviewers must avoid manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from collaborative, competitive, other connections or relationships with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Duties of Reviewers

Main responsibilities of reviewers are communicated with authors, assist the editorial board members and peer-reviewers in taking decisions, and their ultimate aim is to improve the quality of the article published.

Promptness

If selected referees feel inefficiency to review the article and not able to review the report promptly will inform the editor and get an excuse to get out of the review process.

Confidentiality

Manuscript received from the author is treated as a highly confidential document, and we never disclose its details to anyone other than the editor and authorized person by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews are conducted in a way that is not influenced by personal feelings or opinions, i.e., objectively. Personal comment or criticism about the author is inappropriate. The views of the Referees should be clearly expressed with sufficient supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of Sources

The main task of Reviewers to identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. While giving a citation, ensure any statement about an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be given by the author. It is a reviewers duty to inform the editors about the similarity of between the manuscript submitted and previously published a paper which they have personal knowledge.

Duties of Authors

The reports given by Authors of original research should submit an exact work performed, it’s objective and discussion of its significance. Data handled should be presented correctly in the article. The article must contain proper detail and references so that others can for the purpose of should contain sufficient detail and permit others to replicate the work. It is unacceptable that knowingly inaccurate and furnishing fraudulent data or statements constitute unethical behaviour.

Data Access and Retention

Datasheet must be provided in connection with an article for editorial review and should be prepared to provide public access also, and at any point, time is prepared to maintain such data for a sufficient time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors must confirm that they have written an article entirely with their own words about their works and it must be appropriately cited or quoted while using other author’s work or words.
It is unacceptable that, the same article sent for different publications and describing almost the same research in different articles.

Acknowledgement of Sources

The proper acknowledgement must be given to others work if cited or used. And if the Author feels, any publication influences his paper; it must be cited properly.

Authorship of the Paper

Anybody made a significant contribution about initial concept building, design, fabrication and execution or interpretation will give authorship of the article. Others those made significant contributions to the article be listed as co-authors. Apart from others and co-authors, somebody shows their participation in substantive aspects of the article will be acknowledged as contributors. The corresponding author’s duty is to ensure there is no missing of co-authors. And at the same time, he must ensure no inappropriate co-authors are also included in the paper. The corresponding author takes care of the approval of the final version from all co-authors and gets their acceptance to submit for publication.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

The author must notify in their article for the usage of hazardous chemicals, equipment or unusual procedures involved in their work and the author must identify it properly in his manuscript.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Any financial or grants availed by the author should be properly disclosed in their article. And also disclose any other substantive or financial or conflicts of interest might be interpreted to influence the results or elucidation of their manuscript. So, any source of financial assistance for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

As per our Journal’s retract policy, it is the sole responsibility to notify the editor about the inaccuracy or errors present in his/her published paper. He/she must cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the article published.