Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Shanlax International Journal of Economics adheres to COPE's Best Practice Guidelines.

Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

The editorial/peer-review process is an extremely important part of the publication process; it will improve the quality of the published article. An effective review system must be followed by Shanlax International Journal of Economics. All parties, like the author, editorial board members, peer- reviewers and publisher, must ensure the implementation of ethical behavior to publish an article.

Publication decisions

The decision of the Chief editor of Shanlax International Journal of Economics are final for the article to be published. The selection process involves thorough validation of the work and its significance to researchers and readers will help to make decisions. According to the policies of the Journal, editorial board members are informed about legal requirements, copyright infringement, and editorial/peer-review, and plagiarism policies.

Fair play

The editor of the Journal will ensure there is no consideration of the author's gender, religion, sex, origin, political philosophy, and citizenship to evaluates the manuscript.


All publication related correspondence must be sent to Corresponding author email ID only. Information collected must be treated as secrete one and never be disclosed the details of the manuscript submitted to other persons expect our Journal reviewers, peer-reviewers, Journal advisors, and Publisher.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

If the article is unpublished, our Journal editor or editorial board members are not allowed to use the material without getting proper acceptance from the author. Furthermore, reviewers must ensure that there are no conflicts of interest in order to approve the work, regardless of the method of selection. Prospering information or proposals obtained while conducting peer review must be kept confidential, and that data be not used for personal usage. Reviewers must avoid manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from collaborative, competitive, other connections or relationships with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Duties of Reviewers

The main responsibilities of reviewers are communicated with authors through chief editor, assist the editorial board members in taking decisions, and their ultimate aim is to improve the quality of the article published.


If selected referees feel inefficiency to review the article and not able to review the article promptly will inform the editor and get an excuse to get out of the review process.


The author's manuscript is considered as a highly confidential document, and we never reveal its information to anybody other than the editor and an authorised person by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews are carried out objectively, without regard for personal sentiments or ideas. Personal comment or criticism about the author is inappropriate. The views of the Referees should be clearly expressed with sufficient supporting arguments.

Acknowledgment of Sources

Reviewers' primary responsibility is to find relevant published material that has not been mentioned by the authors. While providing a citation, ensure that any remark about an observation, derivation, or argument has already been recorded by the author. It is a reviewer's duty to inform the editors about the similarity between the manuscript submitted and previously published a paper in which they have personal knowledge.

Duties of Authors

The article submitted by the Authors is an original research. Data handled should be presented correctly in the article. The article must contain proper detail and references so that others can get sufficient detail and replicate the work. It is unacceptable that knowingly inaccurate and furnishing fraudulent data or statements constitute unethical behavior.

Data Access and Retention

Datasheet must be provided in connection with an article for editorial review and should be prepared to provide public access also.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors must confirm that they have written an article entirely with their own words about their works, and it must be appropriately cited or quoted while using other author's work or words. It is unacceptable that the same article sent for different publications and describing almost the same research in different articles.

Acknowledgment of Sources

The proper acknowledgment must be given to others' work if cited or used. And, if the Author believes that a publication has influenced his article, it must be correctly credited.

Authorship of the Paper

Anybody made a significant contribution to initial concept building, design, fabrication, and execution or interpretation will give authorship of the article. Others who made significant contributions to the article be listed as co-authors. Apart from others and co-authors, somebody shows their participation in substantive aspects of the article will be acknowledged as contributors. The corresponding author's duty is to ensure there is no missing of co-authors. At the same time, he must make certain that no improper co-authors are included in the work. The corresponding author takes care of the approval of the final version from all co-authors and gets their acceptance to submit for publication.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

The author must notify in their article for the usage of hazardous chemicals, equipment, or unusual procedures involved in their work, and the author must identify it properly in his/her manuscript.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Any financial or grants availed by the author should be properly disclosed in their article. In addition, they must state any additional substantive or financial conflicts of interest that might be perceived as influencing the conclusions or explanation of their work. So, any source of financial assistance for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works

As per the Journal's retraction policy, it is the sole responsibility of author to notify the editor about the inaccuracy or errors present in his/her published paper. He/she must cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the article published.