National Museum Architecture in India

  • T Chandrasekaran Assistant Professor (G.L), Department of History, Arignar Anna Government Arts College, Salem
Keywords: museion, chithra salas, Vishwakarma mandirs, gallaries, kotah stone, exhibits


The Museums have been the forbearers of the thinking of their respective periods. Etymologically, the term museum is derived from the Freak work museion. This means temple of the muses the goddesses protecting arts and sciences. The museion or musaion which was founded by Ptolemaist I (who died in 283 BC) in Alexandria was a centre for learning and scholarship in the world of ancient Greece and an important establishment of Hellenic civilization, housing rich collection. It was temple of the muses occupying a large building in the royal quarter of the town, functioning as a centre of research and education. Hence the primary purpose of the museum was religions. It was not so much connected with the objects of material culture. The objects of the material culture were note deemed to be connected with memory at that time and hence they were not so much collected.

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