Psychological Distress and Quality of Life among Hospital Staff in India during COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Lokesh Kumar Ranjan Psychiatric Social Worker, Central India Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Dewada, Chhattisgarh, India
  • Pramod R Gupta Psychiatrist and Director, Central India Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Dewada, Chhattisgarh, India
  • Nilesh Maruti Gujar Ph.D. Scholar, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, LGB Regional Institute of Mental Health, Tezpur, Assam, India
  • Shefali Baraik Clinical Psychologist, Central India Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Dewada, Chhattisgarh, India
Keywords: Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Hospital staff, Quality of life, COVID-19


Background: Hospital staff has been constant and at the forefront to provide treatment services to the patient with risk of COVID-19 infection. The fear and uncertainty forced by the COVID-19 pandemic have become a risk for physical and psychological health among health care professionals.

Aim: To explore the stress, anxiety, depression, and quality of life among hospital staff working in general and mental health hospitals during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: The present survey was an online study among hospital staff in India. We received a total of 373 responses by the stipulated time from hospital staff - participants with written consent diverted for further study. Socio-demographic datasheet, quality of life (QOL- BREF), depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS-21) were included in the Google form.

Results: The results showed 2.4% of depression, 6.3% of anxiety, and 5.9% of stress among hospital staff. Nursing staff, physicians, and lab technicians had higher stress, anxiety, and depression. The result also revealed 4.3% physical, 16.6% psychological, 65.4% social, and 21.7% environmental health had a poor level of QOL in hospital staff.

Conclusion: Healthcare workers are stressed, anxious, and depressive while working in the COVID-19 pandemic situation. To sustain and develop quality in healthcare services, physical and psychological wellness programs can enhance mental health and quality of life among hospital staff.

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