The Motivation of Construction Khayaban-e- Herat (Herat Street)

  • Nazir Ahmad Rahguzar Professor, Department of Painting, Faculty of Arts, Herat University, Afghanistan,
Keywords: Timurid era, Herat street, Herat urbanism, Timurid architectures, Herat


After Herat had conquered by Timor his son ascended the throne in Khorasan. Herat was enclosed to AL-Krt square shape boundaries and was developed significantly to northern. North to south length streets were theme of gardens and architectural constructions.

 The aim of this article is to get to know more about these streets as a link factor for constructions, streams and gardens of streets beside their role identifying and rating alongside history to get their unique-unity sense in the boundaries. The approach of this article is historical, descriptive, analytical and data collection both library and field. The historical aspect of research is derived from the historical books and its descriptive is taken from historical-descriptive books in compare with left arts in Herat streets.

 It should be noted that Timor princes had high interest on art and culture beside their ambitions, fun and entertaining in which caused the mentioned streets to take the multi-purposes complexes and places as where to be a place of power display. Timor’s garden establishment in Herat specially in streets were made for general and special places of poem, entertainment and promenade. The opening of streets in north and western north of Herat transferred from a commuting place to an entertainment and promenade destination with proper weather for various celebrations and ceremonies for different occasions. Undoubtedly, existence of uncountable cemeteries and graves in this area made it as a spiritual symbolism for Herat.

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