Artistic Characters and Applied Materials of Buddhist Temples in Kabul and Tapa Sardar (Sardar Hill) Ghazni of Afghanistan

  • Mohammad Towfiq Rahmani Miniature Department, Faculty of Fine Arts, Herat University, Afghanistan
Keywords: Stupa, Buddhist, Chekari, Guárico, Statue, Temple


Kabul and Ghazni Buddhist Temple expresses Kushani Buddhist civilization in Afghanistan and also reflexes Buddhist religion’s thoughts at the era with acquisitive moves. The aim of this article is introducing artistic characters of Kabul Buddhist temples and Tapa Sardar Hill of Ghazni Buddhist Temple in which shows abroad effects of Buddhist religion in Afghanistan history and the importance of this issue is to determine characters of temple style with applied materials. The results of this research can present character of Buddhist Temples in Afghanistan, thoughts of establishment and artificial difference with applied materials.
Buddhist religion in Afghanistan penetrated and developed based on Mahayana religious thoughts. Artistic work of Kabul and Tapa Sardar Hill of Ghazni Buddhist Temples are different from the point of artistic style and material applied; Bagram Artistic works are made in style of Garico Buddhic and Garico Kushan but Tapa Narenj Hill artistic works are made based on Buddhist regulation and are seen as ethnical and Hellenistic style. There are similarities among Bagram and Tapa Sardar Hill of Ghani Buddhist Temples but most differentiates are set on statues in which Tapa Sardar Hill of Ghazni statue is lied in which is different from sit and stand still statues of Bagram. The writer suggests mend and remake of Kabul and Ghazni Buddhist works to maintain Buddhist artistic history in Afghanistan.

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