Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities 2023-08-11T12:00:59+00:00 Shanlax Journals Open Journal Systems <p>P-ISSN: 2321-788X | E-ISSN: 2582-0397</p> Flipped Classroom Instruction Model to Enhance Listening Skills 2023-07-31T13:38:34+00:00 J Syndhya Sruthi Sri Raja <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This study is aimed at delineating the effectiveness of implementing flipped classroom learning models and analyzing the impact of this learning model on students’ listening ability. This study was conducted in the second year BBA class, at St. Mary’s Centenary Degree College, Secunderabad. The participants of this study were 45 students of general English Class. This study is designed as a descriptive qualitative research. The data obtained were based on observation, questionnaire and interview. Initially, observation techniques were used to gain information on how flipped classroom learning models were implemented. Secondly, questionnaires consisting of 15 open-ended statements were given to each participant to gain information about the impact of flipped classroom learning model toward students’ satisfaction. Finally, an interview was administered to strengthen the data of the questionnaire. The results of this study were that the flipped classroom learning model has been well - implemented in teaching the poem “As I grew Older” implicitly enhancing the listening skills. In addition, it was also found that this learning mode broke the physical limitation between students and lecturers. Another important result of this study was the improved motivational level and satisfaction from the end of the students and lecturers. Moreover, it was also found that flipped classrooms were difficult to implement in this classroom. However, it promoted self-directed learning and resulted in improved listening ability of the ESL learners once the learners were motivated.&nbsp;</span></p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Significant Factors of Job Satisfaction among the Library Professionals in Tamilnadu: A Study 2023-08-10T10:14:06+00:00 J Arumugam L Radha <p>Library professionals play a vital role in supporting learning, research, and community development. Job satisfaction is important for these professionals as it can affect their motivation, productivity, and overall well-being. The researcher aims to evaluate the various job satisfaction factors among the library professionals in Tamilnadu. Data were collected through survey questionnaire method among the 150 library professionals and analysed using Principle Component analysis, Rotated component matrix and SPSS. This study resulted that 50% of the library professionals are satisfied with the salary, 48.2% of the respondents were satisfied with the promotion criteria, 45 % of the library professionals were happy about the job security, 69.8 % were felt the good relationship of the employer and the higher recognition.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Impact of Sand Running and Slow Continuous Runnings on Selected Endurance Parameters 2023-07-31T13:38:34+00:00 P Karthikeyan <p>The purpose of the study was to find out the effects of sand running and Slow continuous running on selected endurance parameters namely strength endurance and cardio respiratory endurance. To achieve this purpose of the study, forty five men students studying Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu and India were selected as subjects at random. Their age ranged between 18 to 24 years. The selected subjects were divided into three equal groups of fifteen each namely sand running group [SRG], slow continuous running group [SCRG] and control group [CG]. The experimental group I underwent sand running and group II underwent slow continuous running for three days per week for twelve weeks whereas the control group maintained their daily routine activities and no special training was given to them. The following endurance parameters namely strength endurance and cardio respiratory endurance were selected as criterion variables. The subjects of the three groups were tested on selected endurance parameters namely strength endurance and cardio respiratory endurance using standardized tests namely bend knee sit ups and Cooper’s 12 min run / walk test respectively at prior and immediately after the training period. The collected data were analyzed statistically through analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) to find out the significant difference, if any among the groups. Whenever the obtained “F” ratio for adjusted posttest was found to be significant, the Scheffe’s test was applied as post hoc test to find out the paired mean difference, if any. The .05 level of confidence was fixed to test the level of significance which was considered as an appropriate. The results of the study showed that there was a significant difference exist among sand running group, slow continuous running group and control group on selected endurance parameters namely strength endurance and cardio respiratory endurance. And also, it showed that sand running group and slow continuous running group showed significant improvement on strength endurance and cardio respiratory endurance when compared to control group.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Determinants of Healthcare Services of Cardiovascular Disease Patients in Coimbatore: A Logistic Regression Approach 2023-07-31T13:38:34+00:00 J Jacintha Maria Florence A Sangamithra <p>A healthy population, therefore, may be defined as one that safeguards the health of its members. The health of the population may be a resource for the well-being of its members. Any development process must take into account health. Cardiovascular diseases form the major component of chronic diseases and therefore contribute most to the economic impact: these strike individuals in their productive ages, need high treatment costs and result in premature deaths. Patients place importance on the caliber of services and take into account a variety of factor in the selection of hospital such as the availability of the competent specialists, the reputation of the hospital, professional management, range of services offered, availability of latest technology and equipment, cost and convenience, proximity to home, courteous behaviour of staff and professionalized care.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effectiveness of Individual Intervention on the Level Self Esteem among Muthuvan Tribal Women in Adimali Gramapanchayath of Idukki District, Kerala 2023-08-11T12:00:59+00:00 VS Vinod C Karuppaiah Jiphy George <p>India is a country that is home to a large number of tribes. These tribes are spread across the country and are a diverse lot, with each tribe having its own unique culture and language. Tribes are groups of people that share ancestry and cultural traditions. They usually live in small communities, which often cooperate to protect their land and resources from outsiders. Each tribe has its own customs and traditions, and members are usually fiercely loyal to their family, friends, and community. They speak the same language, often have similar cultures, and are often very religious. Whenever people hear the word ‘Adivasi’ or ‘tribal’, they immediately start thinking about scantily clad people living in the forests and many other mainstream misconceptions come to their mind! Rarely do people know the right facts about Adivasis and tribals. In Malayalam, the word Muthuvan means those who carry something on their back. It is said that they carried their children and belongings on their back during their migration to the Western Ghats, hence they were called Muthuvan. The Muthuvan are distributed in Idukki districts and in the adjoining Western Ghats of the Palakkad and Thrissur districts. They speak a dialect of their own. The patois is a debased form of Tamil. They speak to others either in Malayalam or Tamil. The Muthuvan have six matrilineal clans (Koottams), viz. Melaekoottam, Kana koottam, Thushanikoottam, Kanyakoottam, Elli koottam and Puthanikoottam with hierarchical order. Each koottam is again divided into six lineages. The functions of these divisions are mainly for marriage alliance, to keep up the social status and to indicate descent and ancestry. The Muthuvan are mainly a landowning community. In some areas, government has allotted agricultural land for them, but not on ownership basis. Traditionally the Muthuvans are nomadic agriculturists, hunters and trappers. Their primary cultivations are coffee, ginger, sugarcane and paddy. The Muthuvan are tribal religionists. The present day Muthuvans claims that they are Hindus. This study focused on effectiveness of individual intervention on the level self esteem among Muthuvan Tribal women in AdimaliGramapanchayath of Idukki District, Kerala.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Analysis of Open Access Journals in Urology: A Scientometric Sketch 2023-07-31T13:38:34+00:00 Munugala Srinivasulu Chandran Velmurugan <p>An open access scientific journal is a peer-reviewed publication that is available for free online, allowing users to search, read, copy, share the link, download, and print full-text research papers. Urology is a medical practice that focuses on urinary tract problems in both men and women. An urologist is a physician who specializes in the urinary system. Back in the day, doctors would examine a patient’s urine for evidence of their illness. Urology, often known as genito-urinary surgery, is a surgical and medical specialty that focuses on the male and female urinary tract organs. This paper has analyzed the urology open access journals which are available in DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals). The results reveal that DOAJ indexes 12 open access journals published by Elsevier and followed by 8 journals are published by Wolters Kluwer Medknow. The other publishers such as Hindawi Limited 5 journals, Karger Publishers 4 journals. It is found that there are 37 blind peer review journals followed by 32 double blind peer review journals and 11 peer-reviews journals respectively indexed in DOAJ database. It is discovered in the study that maximum journals (74) in Urology are without DOAJ seal and only 8 journals have got the desired DOAJ seal, which represents as a symbol of certification and high publishing standards.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Economic Development of Tourism in the Western Ghats Region 2023-07-31T13:38:35+00:00 C Balamurugan <p>The Western Ghats mountains, the world’s biodiversity hotspot, span along India’s west coast from the Taputi River in the north to the Krishna River in the south. The Western Ghats are rich in biology and biogeography due to their unique geographic position, making them rich in biodiversity. Tourism is critical to economic growth since it is the second greatest source of foreign exchange after agriculture. As a result, the economy benefits both the host country and the host country. The major purpose of the study is to determine how happy tourists are with the tourism amenities available in the Western Ghats. Several major results on economic growth in the Western Ghats were uncovered in this study. Because of its historical significance and attractiveness, it has a high potential for tourism and trade. The Western Ghats’ distinctive biological traits should be maintained, and steps should be done to reduce the environmental effect of tourism operations. This involves implementing waste management practices, encouraging employment, and conserving the region’s tradition and culture. WesternGhats can maximise tourism potential, give a better experience for travellers, and assist improve company and community health by investing in infrastructure development and applying sustainable practices.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Polur Fort 2023-08-01T09:30:31+00:00 S Satish Kumar <p>An 800-year-old grand fort built by Tamils in Tamil land is located at Polur, Tiruvannamalai district. It is known that this fort was built by the Sambuvaraya kings. From the 11th century AD to the 14th century AD, the Sambuvarayas accepted the rule of the later Chola, Pandya and Vijayanagara emperors and were the rulers of Tondaimandalam and were small land kings. Virinchipuram and Kanchipuram near Vellore were the capitals of Sambuvarayas. Padaiveedu near Polur was a fort town of the Sambuvarayas.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##