Professor Discourse and Learning & Teaching Principles

பேராசிரியா் உரையும் கற்றல், கற்பித்தல் நெறிகளும்

  • M Shankar Assistant Professor, Department of Tamil Studies, Sri Kaliswari College (Autonomous), Sivakasi
Keywords: Agaporul, Tholkappiyam, Learning Skills, Teaching Method, Text Method


Learning is not a human-only activity. This learning process also applies to animals and birds. For this, time, place, and environment are very important. These are suitable for planned learning. The result of this learning is behavior change. This change in behavior should be positive and should not be different. Therefore, the teaching ability of the teacher depends on the students. It depends on the mood, intelligence, family environment, willingness and readiness. Did the students learn the messages taught by the teacher?
To find out, trainings and exercises are conducted today. If they are not successful in them then the teacher should change his teaching activity. Thus learning and teaching can be said to include all three: student, teacher and proper lesson. The teacher stands between the student and the lesson and encourages the student’s ability to learn. Accordingly, the knowledge base of student is expanding. The teacher should also keep expanding his knowledge. We can show the proof of the text of Irayanar Kavalviyal that these three traditions have come continuously in Tamil. Interpreters come as a continuation of the tradition of learning and teaching. Grammatical and literary texts that appeared in Tamil have been a continuation of the educational tradition and have performed a teaching function. We see this situation since 11th century AD. Teaching methods can be realized in the form of explaining the meaning, in the form of pointing out formal differences and in the form of refuting the ideas of others. Therefore, everyone who appeared in Tamil can be considered as a continuation of the knowledge tradition, that is, the educational tradition. The statement of M. Y. Aurobindo will confirm this point.

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