Prevalence Trend of Diabetic Retinopathy in India

  • M Chitra Assistant Professor, Department of Econometrics, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India,
  • Aruthdha Shree Neevanandam Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu, China
Keywords: Diabetic retinopathy, Prevalence, Diabetes mellitus


Background: Diabetic Retinopathy plays a vital role in the impact of long-term Diabetic patients in global humankind. The health of diabetic people determined by many factors, specifically the number of years of diabetic suffering. There is a positive relationship between the risk of diabetic retinopathy and the number of years of diabetic sufferings, which was identified by many researchers globally. In addition, patients who suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus are suffering from diabetic retinopathy. However, there are few comprehensive reviews and studies focusing on its prevalence and the factors of prevalence. It is worthwhile to pay attention to diabetic retinopathy in Global, India and its region, given that the trend and structure of diabetic retinopathy from reviews. Method: Prevalence provides a cross-sectional snapshot of morbidity at that point or period. The study is a concurrent review of diabetic retinopathy in India and its region. It presents the findings from some national or regional camp data, interviews with key informants, reviews of relevant published papers and policy contents. Results and Conclusion: Approximately one in five people living with diabetes in India has some degree of DR (13 million in India) and one in ten (6.5 million) has the vision-threatening form of DR. Tamil Nadu is the topmost in the prevalence rate of Diabetic Retinopathy among the states of India with above 10.5 percentage based on the report of Amaltas 2019. Hence, a mass survey for diabetic retinopathy screening needed to be conducted in all districts to know the exact status and plan in the National Programme for Control of Blindness and Visual Impairment (NPCB & VI).

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How to Cite
Chitra, M., & Shree Neevanandam, A. (2021). Prevalence Trend of Diabetic Retinopathy in India. Shanlax International Journal of Economics, 9(3), 49-56.