Food Security in India: Issues and Suggestion to Improve the Public Distribution System

  • T Thangalakshmi Research Scholar, School of Economics, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • V Suthacini Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, School of Economics, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Food Security, Agricultural Production, Consumtion, Public Distribution, Expansion of Credit, Water Management

Abstract

Food security in India is unfavourably affected by several biotic and socio-political situations. The current position may get worse in the future if timely and suitable actions are not executed and planned. The discipline of human population and land for cultivation, climate change, government policies of public distribution and marketing of food grains and lack of a participatory approach all are committing to check down the availability of foods. Also, crop fecundity seems to be very much unsustainable. The situation has to be remedied by all possible means and citizens must be assured of food security. This review summarises several strategies for crop production and food distribution through the public distribution system. Finally, results indicate that India has achieved self-sufficiency in grains; it is still lagging at the back in the production of oilseeds and pulses. It is also commented that there has been a meaningful increase in the reproduction of rice, wheat, cereals, fruits, vegetables, and other products. Among the specific charges made to lift the agricultural sector from its present slowdown and stagnation, we comprise decorated increased public investment and a severe review of subsidies provided to farmers. To improve the infrastructure, credit facilities, inputs, land and water management, effective marketing and price policies, the diversification of agriculture, strengthening the improvement strategies for tackling climate change, and the strict regulation of land use and diversion of land for non-agricultural activities.

Published
2019-08-31
Statistics
Abstract views: 856 times
PDF downloads: 504 times
How to Cite
Thangalakshmi, T., & Suthacini, V. (2019). Food Security in India: Issues and Suggestion to Improve the Public Distribution System. Shanlax International Journal of Economics, 7(4), 36-40. https://doi.org/10.34293/economics.v7i4.601
Section
Articles