An Empirical Study on the Big Consolidations of Indian Banking Industry

  • T.P. Ram Prasad Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce & Research Centre, Sourashtra College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • T.T. Karthik Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce & Research Centre, Sourashtra College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Banking Reforms, Three-tier Structure, Mergers & Acquisitions, Nationalisation, Privatization, Voluntary Mergers, Financial System


India declared a broad consolidation of state-claimed banks that will see 10 of them being merged to frame four greater moneylenders to reinforce a sector battling with a terrible advance cleanup and planned for making loan specialists of worldwide scale that can bolster the economy’s flood to $5 trillion by 2024. The government additionally reported administration changes to improve their wellbeing. This was the most recent in a progression of announcements by the government since a week ago as it looks to animate demand and resuscitate the economy. In a different announcement, the government said development had dropped to a six-year low in the quarter to June. The most recent consolidation move will slice the quantity of state-claimed loan specialists to 12 from 27 of every 2017, Sitharaman stated, featuring the banking changes embraced by the Narenda Modi government that have likewise included noteworthy cleaning up of asset reports. This isn’t the first occasion when that the possibility of merging state-claimed banks has picked up momentum. In his way breaking 1991 report on banking sector changes, M. Narasimham, a former Reserve Bank of India senator, had recommended mergers to shape a three-level structure with three enormous banks with international nearness at the best, eight to 10 national banks at level two, and countless provincial and nearby banks at the base. Afterward, the P.J. Nayak Committee had additionally recommended that state-run banks ought to either be merged or privatize. To be sure, as per Indian Banking Association information, there have been in any event 49 mergers since 1985. Hence, the present study has been focused to highlight the brief of top vital consolidation on Indian Banking sector and study based on secondary sources of data.

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