Environmental Impacts on Solid Waste Management in Tamil Nadu

Keywords: Solid Waste Generation, Environmental Impact, Waste Generation, Pollution, Waste-to-Energy, Sustainable Practices, Community Engagement


Overpopulation, urbanization and the growing technology are among the few reasons for solid waste pollution. The rising population has led to the production of more waste, with every passing year people have several kinds of stuff to use and discard. Technology has a very vast impact on the growing population. Improper handling of waste may lead to contamination of surface water, ground water, land, and the air. For instance, when waste is illegally dumped along roadsides, in the woods, in illegal dumps, in wetlands, in lakes and streams, or by being improperly burned, these are all examples of improper handling. Improperly managed solid waste can have serious environmental consequences. It can contaminate soil, air, and water and harm wildlife and ecosystems. Effective solid waste management helps reduce the amount of waste. The solid waste thus ends up in landfills and ensures that hazardous waste is disposed of safely. Poor waste management - ranging from non-existing collection systems to ineffective disposal -causes air pollution, water and soil contamination. Open and unsanitary landfills contribute to contamination of drinking water and can cause infection and transmit diseases. solid waste management in India include prevention of environmental degradation, reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, provision of employment, improvement in public health, and stimulation of economic growth. The study analyzed the household solid waste management in Tirupattur municipality of Tamil Nadu. Further it suggests, reusing materials can reduce the need for new resources, which helps protect the environment from the impacts of resource extraction.

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How to Cite
Jeevan Vignesh, D. (2024). Environmental Impacts on Solid Waste Management in Tamil Nadu. Shanlax International Journal of Economics, 12(3), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.34293/economics.v12i3.7409