Impact of Sand Running and Slow Continuous Runnings on Selected Endurance Parameters

  • P Karthikeyan Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Sand Running, Slow Continuous Running, Strength Endurance, Cardio Respiratory Endurance, Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA)

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to find out the effects of sand running and Slow continuous running on selected endurance parameters namely strength endurance and cardio respiratory endurance. To achieve this purpose of the study, forty five men students studying Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu and India were selected as subjects at random. Their age ranged between 18 to 24 years. The selected subjects were divided into three equal groups of fifteen each namely sand running group [SRG], slow continuous running group [SCRG] and control group [CG]. The experimental group I underwent sand running and group II underwent slow continuous running for three days per week for twelve weeks whereas the control group maintained their daily routine activities and no special training was given to them. The following endurance parameters namely strength endurance and cardio respiratory endurance were selected as criterion variables. The subjects of the three groups were tested on selected endurance parameters namely strength endurance and cardio respiratory endurance using standardized tests namely bend knee sit ups and Cooper’s 12 min run / walk test respectively at prior and immediately after the training period. The collected data were analyzed statistically through analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) to find out the significant difference, if any among the groups. Whenever the obtained “F” ratio for adjusted posttest was found to be significant, the Scheffe’s test was applied as post hoc test to find out the paired mean difference, if any. The .05 level of confidence was fixed to test the level of significance which was considered as an appropriate. The results of the study showed that there was a significant difference exist among sand running group, slow continuous running group and control group on selected endurance parameters namely strength endurance and cardio respiratory endurance. And also, it showed that sand running group and slow continuous running group showed significant improvement on strength endurance and cardio respiratory endurance when compared to control group.

Published
2023-07-01
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