Copyright and Licensing Policy


Authors are entitled to retain copyright and grant Shanlax International Journals right of first publication as well as the ongoing and perpetual non-exclusive right to reuse and republish the article for any purpose, including, but not limited to, the right to copy, migrate or convert the report. Also, ensure continuous access in any format or medium and its preservation.

The author accepts that the article may be used and published by the Shanlax International Journals in electronic or printed format and any other medium now in existence or that may be created hereafter.

Shanlax International Journals publish and distribute the work under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. The author must know and give his concern and agrees that this license permits users of the journal to print and copy the article for non-commercial purposes and allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

Authors are liable to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository).

The declaration must be given by the author that the article submitted is his or her original work and that it either has not been published or submitted for publication in any prior form. (1) It has been sufficiently revised and updated from a previous version (2) The author has secured the rights to republish the work in Shanlax International Journals. The author further has the power to grant this license to Shanlax International Journals and that, to the best of the author's knowledge, the article is neither defamatory of any persons or products nor infringing upon any third party's copyrights. If the report contains material for which the author does not hold the copyright, the author represents that such content is identified and acknowledged within the text and that such use is either with the permission of the copyright holder.

In case of any subsequent dispute over the copyrights to the material contained in the article, the author agrees to indemnify and hold harmless Shanlax International Journals and its employees and agents for any uses of the report authorised by this agreement.