Impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Indian Economy

  • P Asokan Controller of Examinations, Thiruvalluvar University, Vellore
Keywords: FDI, UNCTAD, WalMart, FICCI, Unorganised retailing, retail market


Foreign direct investment (FDI) or foreign investment refers to the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. It is the sum of equity capital,other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown in the balance of payments. It usually involves participation in management, joint-venture, transfer of technology and expertise. There are two types of FDI: inward foreign direct investment and outward foreign direct investment, resulting in a net FDI inflow (positive or negative) and “stock of foreign direct investment”, which is the cumulative number for a given period. Direct investment excludes investment through purchase of shares.

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How to Cite
Asokan, P. (2015). Impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Indian Economy. Shanlax International Journal of Economics, 3(2), 77-83. Retrieved from